37.6 Writing scientifically: Introduction
The introduction has many purposes:
- To gain the interest of readers, and encourage them to read more of the article.
- To set up the context and background for the paper.
- To define the language and definitions used in the study.
- To allow the reader to become familiar with the theoretical groundwork of the subject.
- To state the purpose of the paper: Why it was written, and what the authors hope to learn.
- To show how the research fills a gap in existing knowledge.
The introduction provides a clear statement of the study’s RQ (sometimes stated as the Purpose, Aim, Objective, etc.). The introduction often includes a literature review too, though sometimes a literature review is a separate section.