37.9 Writing scientifically: Discussion and conclusion

Sometimes, articles have separate Discussion and Conclusion sections; sometimes they are combined. The Discussion section:

  • Summarises the results.
  • Gives a short evaluation of the results: Be concise.
  • Answers the stated RQ.
  • Discusses limitations (Sect. 7.9), strengths, weaknesses, problems, challenges.
  • Tries to anticipate and respond to potential questions about the research.

Readers should reach the conclusions based on the evidence presented.