5.11 Final example
As a demonstration sampling schemes (Marshman and Dunn Submitted), consider taking a non-random sample of 10% of the pixels of an image (Fig. 5.3). What is the image? Seeing the big picture is hard using these non-random samples.
Indeed, any type of random sample makes seeing the big picture easier.
For example, for a cluster sample we treat each column as a cluster, and select some columns at random. Then, the entire chosen columns are selected.
For a systematic sample, we take:
- every 20th pixel for a 5% sample;
- every 10th pixel for a 10% sample;
- every 4th pixel for a 25% sample; and
- every second pixel for a 50% sample.
For a multi-stage sample we select some columns at random, then select some pixels in those columns at random.
For a stratified sample, we select :
- a simple random sample from the background greenery, and then
- a simple random sample from the person.
These two are then combined to get an overall random sample.