Aedo-Ortiz DM, Olsen ED, Kellogg LD. Simulating a harvester-forwarder softwood thinning: A software evaluation. Forest Products Journal. 1997;47(5):36–41.
Affonso CM, Kezunovic M. Probabilistic assessment of electric vehicle charging demand impact on residential distribution transformer aging. 2018 IEEE international conference on probabilistic methods applied to power systems (PMAPS). IEEE; 2018. p. 1–6.
Agbayani S, Fortune SME, Trites AW. Growth and development of North Pacific gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus). Journal of Mammalogy. 2020;101(3):742–54.
Agresti A, Franklin CA. Statistics: The art and science of learning from data. 3rd edition. Pearson Education Limited; 2007;
Allen AM, Abdelwahab NM, Carlson S, Bosch TA, Eberly LE, Okuyemie K. Effect of brief exercise on urges to smoke in men and women smokers. Addictive Behaviors. 2018;77:34–7.
Allen L, O’Connell A, Kiermer V. How can we ensure visibility and diversity in research contributions? How the Contributor Role Taxonomy (CRediT) is helping the shift from authorship to contributorship. Learned Publishing. Wiley Online Library; 2019;32(1):71–4.
Alley S, Wellens P, Schoeppe S, Vries H de, Rebar AL, Short CE, et al. Impact of increasing social media use on sitting time and body mass index. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2017;28:91–5.
Aloy AB, Vallejo Jr. BM, Juinio-Meñez MA. Increased plastic litter cover affects the foraging activity of the sandy intertidal gastropod Nassarius pullus. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2011;62:1772–9.
AlTarawneh G, Thorne S. A pilot study exploring spreadsheet risk in scientific research. arXiv preprint arXiv:170309785. 2017;
Altman DG. Practical statistics for medical research. Chapman & Hall; 1991.
Amin AA, Mahmood-ul-Hasan K. Robust active fault-tolerant control for internal combustion gas engine for air–fuel ratio control with statistical regression-based observer model. Measurement and Control. 2019;0020294018823031.
Anastasiadis E, Rajan P, Winchester CL. Framing a research question: The first and most vital step in planning research. Journal of Clinical Urology. 2015;8(6):409–11.
Andersen EB. Multiplicative Poisson models with unequal cell rates. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics. 1977;4:153–8.
Anonymous. Green tea cuts risk of cancer. The Sunday Mail. 2012;19.
Axelsson J, Sundelin T, Ingre M, van Someren EJW, Olsson A, Lekander M. Beauty sleep: Experimental study on the perceived health and attractiveness of sleep deprived people. British Medical Journal. 2010;341.
Azwari NFSM, Hamsa AAK. Evaluating actual speed against the permissible speed of vehicles during free-flow traffic conditions. Jurnal Kejuruteraan. 2021;33(2):183–91.
Bacho Z, Lajangang FJE, Khin NY, Shah SS, Chia YK, Jalil E, et al. The effects of comprehensive core body resistance exercise on lower extremity motor function among stroke survivors. Journal of physics: Conference series. IOP Publishing; 2019. p. 012025.
Badiou A, Marsh C, Gauchet M. Exploring data: An introduction to data analysis for social scientists. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press; 1988.
Bambauer J. Defending the dog. Oregon Law Review. HeinOnline; 2012;91:1203.
Banerjee A, Chaudhury S. Statistics without tears: Populations and samples. Industrial Psychiatry Journal. Wolters Kluwer–Medknow Publications; 2010;19(1):60.
Barr D, DeBruine L. webex: Create interactive web exercises in ’R Markdown’ [Internet]. 2019. Available from: = webex.
Barr N, Holmes M, Roiko A, Dunn P, Lord B. Self-reported behaviors and perceptions of Australian paramedics in relation to hand hygiene and gloving practices in paramedic-led health care. American Journal of Infection Control. 2017;45(7):771–8.
Barrett B, Brown R, Rakel D, Mundt M, Bone K, Barlow S, et al. Echinacea for treating the common cold: A randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2010;153(12):769–77.
Bartareau TM. Estimating the live body weight of American black bears in Florida. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management. 2017;8(1):234–9.
Baughman RP, Sparkman BK, Lower EE. Six-minute walk test and health status assessment in sarcoidosis. Chest. 2007;132(1):207–13.
Baur DM, Christophi CA, Kales SN. Metabolic syndrome is inversely related to cardiorespiratory fitness in male career firefighters. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2012;26(9):2331–7.
Beaman L, Karlan D, Thuysbaert B, Udry C. Profitability of fertilizer: Experimental evidence from female rice farmers in Mali. American Economic Review. 2013;103(3):381–6.
Becker H, Stuifbergen AK, Sands D. Development of a scale to measure barriers to health promotion activities among persons with disabilities. American Journal of Health Promotion. 1991;5(6):449–54.
Berger RL. Nonstandard operator precedence in Excel. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis. Elsevier; 2007;51(6):2788–91.
Bhargava SK, Ramji S, Kumar A, Mohan MAN, Marwah J, Sachdev HP. Mid-arm and chest circumferences at birth as predictors of low birth weight and neonatal mortality in the community. BMJ. British Medical Journal Publishing Group; 1985;291(6509):1617–9.
Bingham CR, Simons-Morton BG, Pradhan AK, Li K, Almani F, Falk EB, et al. Peer passenger norms and pressure: Experimental effects on simulated driving among teenage males. Transportation research part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. Elsevier; 2016;41:124–37.
Bird AR, Vuaran MS, King RA, Noakes M, Keogh J, Morell MK, et al. Wholegrain foods made from a novel high-amylose barley variety (Himalaya 292) improve indices of bowel health in human subjects. British Journal of Nutrition. 2008;99:1032–40.
Blair BF, Lamb MC. Evaluating concentrations of pesticides and heavy metals in the U.S. Peanut crop in the presence of detection limits. Peanut Science. 2017;44:124–33.
Bock DE, Velleman PF, De Veaux RD. Stats: Modeling the world [Internet]. Addison-Wesley; 2010. Available from: = zHEJPwAACAAJ.
Botelho AM, de Camargo AM, Dean M, Fiates GMR. Effect of a health reminder on consumers’ selection of ultra-processed foods in a supermarket. Food Quality and Preference. 2019;71:431–7.
Brockmann HJ. Satellite male groups in horseshoe crabs, Limulus polyphemus. Ethology. 1996;102:1–21.
Brown L, Whitney CL, Hunt RC, Addario M, Hogue T. Do warning lights and sirens reduce ambulance response times? Prehospital Emergency Care. 2000;4(1):70–4.
Brunette DD, Kominsky J, Ruiz E. Correlation of emergency health care use, 911 volume, and jail activity with welfare check distribution. Annals of Emergency Medicine. Elsevier; 1991;20(7):739–42.
Brunton E, Bolin J, Leon J, Burnett S. Fright or flight? Behavioural responses of kangaroos to drone-based monitoring. Drones. 2019;3(2):41.
Bryson MC. The Literary Digest poll: Making of a statistical myth. The American Statistician. 1976;30(4):184–5.
Budgett S, Pfannkuch M, Regan M, Wild CJ. Dynamic visualizations and the randomization test. Technology Innovation in Statistics Education. 2013;7(2).
Bulte E, Beekman G, Di Falco S, Hella J, Lei P. Behavioral responses and the impact of new agricultural technologies: Evidence from a double-blind field experiment in Tanzania. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. Wiley Online Library; 2014;96(3):813–30.
Burch PRJ. Smoking and lung cancer: The problem of inferring cause. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A. 1978;141(4):437–77.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994, NHANES III Laboratory Data File [Internet]. Hyattsville, MD: Public Use Data File Documentation Number 76200; U.S. Department of Health; Human Services, Centers for Disease Control; Prevention; 1996. Available from:
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National Center for Health Statistics. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health; Human Services, Centers for Disease Control; Prevention; 1988--1994.
Chan E, Taylor S, Marriott J, Barger B. Exploration of attitudes and barriers to bringing patient’s own medications to the Emergency Department: A survey of paramedics. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2008;6(4).
Chang W. webshot: Take screenshots of web pages [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = webshot.
Chapman CA. Association patterns of spider monkeys: The influence of ecology and sex on social organisation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 1990;26:409–14.
Chapman D, Peiffer J, Abbiss CR, Laursen PB. A descriptive physical profile of Western Australian male paramedics. Journal of Emergency Primary Health Care. 2007;5(1).
Charig CR, Webb DR, Payne SR, Wickham JEA. Comparison of treatment of renal calculi by open surgery, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, and extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. British Medical Journal. 1986;292:879–82.
Chatterjee S, Sarkar K. Retraction note to: Surface-functionalized gold nanoparticles mediate bacterial transformation: A nanobiotechnological approach. Biotechnology Letters [Internet]. 2015;37(7):1527–8. Available from:
Checkley W, Gilman RH, Black RE, Lescano AG, Cabrera L, Taylor DN, et al. Effects of nutritional status on diarrhea in Peruvian children. Journal of Pediatrics [Internet]. 2002;140(2):210–8. Available from:
Chitwood DE, Devinny JS. Treatment of mixed hydrogen sulfide and organic vapors in a rock medium biofilter. Water Environment Research. Water Environment Federation; 2001;73(4):426–35.
Choi HK, Curhan G. Soft drinks, fructose consumption, and the risk of gout in men: Prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal. 2008;336(7639):309–12.
Christensen HA, Herrer A, Telford SR. Enzootic cutaneous leishmaniasis in eastern Panama: II: Entomological investigations. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology. 1972;66(1):55–66.
Clark RL, Famodu OA, Holásková I, Infante AM, Murray PJ, Olfert IM, et al. Educational intervention improves fruit and vegetable intake in young adults with metabolic syndrome components. Nutrition Research. 2019;62:89–100.
Cohen JF, Korevaar DA, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP, Hooft L, Moher D, et al. STARD for abstracts: Essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies in journal or conference abstracts. BMJ. British Medical Journal Publishing Group; 2017;358:j3751.
Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of health and social behavior. 1983;385–96.
Collett P, O’Shea G. Pointing the way to a fictional place: A study of direction giving in Iran and England. European Journal of Social Psychology. Wiley Online Library; 1976;6(4):447–58.
Comerford E, Durante J, Goldsworthy R, Hall V, Gooding J, Quinn B. Motivations for kerbside dumping: Evidence from Brisbane, Australia. Waste Management. 2018;78:490–6.
Cook HB, Burt MJ, Collett JA, Whitehead MR, Frampton CMA, Chapman BA. Adult coeliac disease: Prevalence and clinical significance. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2000;15(9):1032–6.
Corbie-Smith G. The continuing legacy of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study: Considerations for clinical investigation. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences. Elsevier; 1999;317(1):5–8.
Coudert F-X. Correcting the scientific record: Retraction practices in chemistry and materials science. Chemistry of Materials. 2019;31.
Cox LS, Tiffany ST, Christen AG. Evaluation of the brief questionnaire of smoking urges (QSU-brief) in laboratory and clinical settings. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2001;3(1):7–16.
Cressie NAC, Sheffield LJ, Whitford HJ. Use of the one sample \(t\)-test in the real world. Journal of Chronic Diseases. 1984;37(2):107–14.
Cross J, Lam T, Arndell J, Quach J, Reed B, Thyer L, et al. Impact of hand dominance on effectiveness of chest compressions in a simulated setting: A randomised, crossover trial. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2019;16.
Crozier GKD, Schulte-Hostedde AI. Towards improving the ethics of ecological research. Science and engineering ethics. Springer; 2015;21(3):577–94.
Curfman GD. Is exercise beneficial—or hazardous—to your heart? NEJM. 1993;329:1730–1.
Dala SR, Fowlkes EB, Hoadley B. Risk analysis of the space shuttle: Pre-Challenger prediction of failure. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 1989;84(408):945–57.
Danielsson L, Papoulias I, Petersson E-L, Carlsson J, Waern M. Exercise or basic body awareness therapy as add-on treatment for major depression: A controlled study. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2014;168:98–106.
Davidson J. A survey of the satisfaction of upper limb amputees with their prostheses, their lifestyles, and their abilities. Journal of Hand Therapy. 2002;15(1):62–70.
Dawson P, Han I, Lynn D, Lackey J, Baker J, Martinez-Dawson R. Bacterial transfer associated with blowing out candles on a birthday cake. Journal of Food Research. 2017;6(4):1–5.
de Carvalho AA, Amorim FF, Santana LA, de Almeida KJQ, Santana ANC, Neves F de AR. STOP-Bang questionnaire should be used in all adults with Down Syndrome to screen for moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. PloS ONE. 2020;15(5):e0232596.
Delaney LJ, Currie MJ, Huang H-CC, Lopez V, Van Haren F. “They can rest at home”: An observational study of patients’ quality of sleep in an Australian hospital. BMC Health Services Research. BioMed Central; 2018;18(1):524.
Devore JL, Berk KN. Modern mathematical statistics with applications. Thomson Higher Education; 2007.
Dexter B, King R, Harrison SL, Parisi AV, Downs NJ. A pilot observational study of environmental summertime health risk behavior in central Brisbane, Queensland: Opportunities to raise sun protection awareness in Australia’s sunshine state. Photochemistry and Photobiology. 2019;95(2):650–5.
Dexter CE, Appleby RG, Scott J, Edgar JP, Jones DN. Individuals matter: Predicting koala road crossing behaviour in south-east Queensland. Australian Mammalogy. 2018;40(1):67–75.
Dianat I, Sorkhi N, Pourhossein A, Alipour A, Asghari-Jafarabadi M. Neck, shoulder and low back pain in secondary schoolchildren in relation to schoolbag carriage: Should the recommended weight limits be gender-specific? Applied Ergonomics. 2014;45:437–42.
Dillon MP, Fortington LV, Akram M, Erbas B, Kohler F. Geographic variation of the incidence rate of lower limb amputation in Australia from 2007–12. PLoS ONE. 2017;12(1).
Dokur M, Petekkaya E, Karadağ M. Media-based clinical research on selfie-related injuries and deaths. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2018;24(2):129–35.
Doll R, Hill AB. Smoking and carcinoma of the lung. British Medical Journal. 1950;221(ii):739–48.
Doll R, Hill AB. The mortality of doctors in relation to their smoking habits. British Medical Journal. 1954;1(4877):1451.
Doosti-Irani O, Golzarian MR, Aghkhani MH, Sadrnia H, Doosti-Irani M. Development of multiple regression model to estimate the apple’s bruise depth using thermal maps. Postharvest Biology and Technology. Elsevier; 2016;116:75–9.
Duncan MJ, Wunderlich K, Zhao Y, Faulkner G. Walk this way: Validity evidence of iPhone health application step count in laboratory and free-living conditions. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2018;36(15):1695–704.
Dunn PK. A simple dataset for demonstrating common distributions. Journal of Statistics Education. 1999;7(3).
Dunn PK. Bootstrap confidence intervals for predicted rainfall quantiles. International Journal of Climatology. 2001;21(1):89–94.
Dunn PK. Assessing claims made by a pizza chain. Journal of Statistical Education [Internet]. 2012;20(1). Available from:
Dunn PK. Comparing the lifetimes of two brands of batteries. Journal of Statistical Education. 2013;21(1).
Dunn PK, Carey MD, Richardson AM, McDonald C. Learning the language of statistics: Challenges and teaching approaches. Statistics Education Research Journal. 2016;15(1).
Dunn PK, Smyth GK. GLMsData: Generalized linear model data sets [Internet]. 2017. Available from: = GLMsData.
Dunn PK, Smyth GK. Generalized linear models with examples in R. Springer; 2018.
Edwards NM, Myer GD, Kalkwarf HJ, Woo JG, Khoury PR, Hewett TE, et al. Outdoor temperature, precipitation, and wind speed affect physical activity levels in children: A longitudinal cohort study. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2015;12(8):1074–81.
Egbue O, Long S. Barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles: An analysis of consumer attitudes and perceptions. Energy Policy. Elsevier; 2012;48:717–29.
Egbue O, Long S, Samaranayake VA. Mass deployment of sustainable transportation: Evaluation of factors that influence electric vehicle adoption. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. Springer; 2017;19(7):1927–39.
Ehlers N. On corneal thickness and intraocular pressure. II: A clinical study on the thickness of the corneal stroma in glaucomatous eyes. Acta ophthalmologica. Wiley Online Library; 1970;48(6):1107–12.
Ejtahed HS, Mohtadi-Nia J, Homayouni-Rad A, Niafar M, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Mofid V. Probiotic yogurt improves antioxidant status in type 2 diabetic patients. Nutrition. 2012;28:539–43.
Elton C, Nicholson M. The ten-year cycle in numbers of the lynx in canada. The Journal of Animal Ecology. JSTOR; 1942;215–44.
Farrar MB, Wallace HM, Xu C-Y, Nguyen TTN, Tavakkoli E, Joseph S, et al. Short-term effects of organo-mineral enriched biochar fertiliser on ginger yield and nutrient cycling. Journal of Soils and Sediments. Springer; 2018;1–5.
Fayet-Moore F, Peters V, McConnell A, Petocz P, Eldridge AL. Weekday snacking prevalence, frequency, and energy contribution have increased while foods consumed during snacking have shifted among Australian children and adolescents: 1995, 2007 and 2011–12 National Nutrition Surveys. Nutrition Journal. 2017;16(65):1–4.
Feng Y, Huang Y, Ma X. The application of Student’s \(t\)-test in internal quality control of clinical laboratory. Frontiers in Laboratory Medicine. 2017;1(3):125–8.
Fink A. The survey handbook. The survey kit. SAGE Publications, Incorporated; 1995.
Flanagan-Hyde P. Confound it! I can’t keep these variables straight. STATS: The Magazine for Students of Statistics. 2005;43:21–3.
Fraboni F, Puchades VM, De Angelis M, Pietrantoni L, Prati G. Red-light running behavior of cyclists in Italy: An observational study. Accident Analysis & Prevention. Elsevier; 2018;120:219–32.
Fraser H, Parker T, Nakagawa S, Barnett A, Fidler F. Questionable research practices in ecology and evolution. PloS one. Public Library of Science; 2018;13(7):e0200303.
Friedmann E, Thomas S. Health benefits of pets for families. Marriage & Family Review. Taylor & Francis; 1985;8(3-4):191–203.
Friel SN, Curcio FR, Bright GW. Making sense of graphs: Critical factors influencing comprehension and instructional implications. Journal for Research in Mathematical Education. 2001;124–58.
Fritts JR, Fort C, Corr AQ, Liang Q, Alla L, Cravener T, et al. Herbs and spices increase liking and preference for vegetables among rural high school students. Food Quality and Preference. 2018;68:125–34.
Froud KJ, Beresford RM, Cogger NC. Impact of kiwifruit bacterial canker on productivity of cv. Hayward kiwifruit using observational data and multivariable analysis. Plant Pathology. Wiley Online Library; 2018;67(3):671–81.
Furness RW, Bryant DM. Effect of wind on field metabolic rates of breeding northern fulmars. Ecology. Wiley Online Library; 1996;77(4):1181–8.
Galletta DF, Hartzel KS, Johnson SE, Joseph JL, Rustagi S. Spreadsheet presentation and error detection: An experimental study. Journal of Management Information Systems. Taylor & Francis; 1996;13(3):45–63.
Gamble T, Walker I. Wearing a bicycle helmet can increase risk taking and sensation seeking in adults. Psychological Science. Sage Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA; 2016;27(2):289–94.
Gammon CS, von Hurst PR, Coad J, Kruger R, Stonehouse W. Vegetarianism, vitamin B12, and insulin resistance in a group of predominately overweight/obese South Africian women. Nutrition. 2012;28:20–4.
Garnier S. viridis: Default color maps from ’matplotlib’ [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = viridis.
Gatti UC, Migliaccio GC, Bogus SM, Schneider S. An exploratory study of the relationship between construction workforce physical strain and task level productivity. Construction Management and Economics. 2013;1–7.
George BJ, Brown AW, Allison DB. Errors in statistical analysis and questionable randomization lead to unreliable conclusions. Journal of Paramedical Sciences. 2015;6(3):153–4.
Gonzalez-Fonteboa B, Martinez-Abella F. Shear strength of recycled concrete beams. Construction and Building Materials. Elsevier; 2007;21(4):887–93.
Grabosky J, Bassuk N. Seventeen years’ growth of street trees in structural soil compared with a tree lawn in New York City. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 2016;16:103–9.
Greenacre M. Data reporting and visualization in ecology. Polar Biology. 2016;39(2189–2205).
Greenland S, Senn SJ, Rothman KJ, Carlin JB, Poole C, Goodman SN, et al. Statistical tests, \(P\) values, confidence intervals, and power: A guide to misinterpretations. European journal of epidemiology. Springer; 2016;31(4):337–50.
Greenlee ET, DeLucia PR, Newton DC. Driver vigilance in automated vehicles: Hazard detection failures are a matter of time. Human Factors. 2018;60(4):465–76.
Groves J. Bicycle weight and commuting time: Randomised trial. British Medical Journal. 2010;341.
Guirao L, Samitier CB, Costea M, Camos JM, Majo M, Pleguezuelos E. Improvement in walking abilities in transfemoral amputees with a distal weight bearing implant. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 2017;4(26–32).
Gunnarsson S, Mitchell J, Busch MS, Larson B, Gharacholou SM, Li Z, et al. Outcomes of physician-staffed versus non-physician-staffed helicopter transport for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Journal of the American Heart Association. 2017;
Hald A. Statistical theory with engineering applications. New York: John Wiley; Sons; 1952.
Hale D, Shrestha PP, Gibson GE, Migliaccio GC. Empirical comparison of Design/Build and Design/Bid/Build project delivery methods. Journal of Construction Engineering. 2009;135:579–87.
Hammond D, Reid JL, Zukowski S. Adverse effects of caffeinated energy drinks among youth and young adults in Canada: A Web-based survey. CMAJ Open. 2018;6(1):E19.
Hand DJ, Daly F, Lunn AD, McConway KY, Ostrowski E. A handbook of small data sets. London: Chapman; Hall; 1996.
Hare EE, Peterson BK, Iyer VN, Meier R, Eisen MB. Sepsid even-skipped enhancers are functionally conserved in Drosophila despite lack of sequence conservation. PLoS Genetics. 2008;4(6):e1000106.
Hargreaves BR, McWilliams TP. Polynomial trendline function flaws in Microsoft Excel. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis. Elsevier; 2010;54(4):1190–6.
Harnish RJ, Nataraajan R. Attitudes toward wildlife: The impact of physical attractiveness. Psychology & Marketing. Wiley Online Library; 2020;37(12):1703–7.
Haselgrove C, Straker L, Smith A, O’Sullivan P, Perry M, Sloan N. Perceived school bag load, duration of carriage, and method of transport to school are associated with spinal pain in adolescents: An observational study. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. Elsevier; 2008;54(3):193–200.
Härdle WK, others. Smoothing techniques: With implementation in S. Springer Science & Business Media; 1991.
Heerfordt IM, Torsnes LR, Philipsen PA, Wulf HC. Photoprotection by sunscreen depends on time spent on application. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine. Wiley Online Library; 2018;34(2):117–21.
Henderson HV, Velleman PF. Building multiple regression models interactively. Biometrics. JSTOR; 1981;391–411.
Hieger J. Portrait of a homebuyer household: 2 kids and a PC. Orange County Register; 2001.
Hijazi A, Hamad H, Djukic J-P, Daher A, Reda M, Walther M, et al. Reaction of a bidentate ligands (4, 4’-dimethyl 2, 2’-bipyridine) with planar-chiral chloro-bridged ruthenium: Synthesis of cis-dicarbonyl [4, 4’-dimethyl-2, 2’-bipyridine-\(\kappa\)O1, \(\kappa\)O2]\(\{\)2-[tricarbonyl (\(\eta\)6-phenylene-\(\kappa\)C1) chromium] pyridine-\(\kappa\)n\(\}\) ruthenium hexafluorophosphate. Inorganica Chimica Acta. Elsevier; 2013a.
Hijazi A, Hamad H, Djukic J-P, Daher A, Reda M, Walther M, et al. RETRACTED: Reaction of a bidentate ligands (4, 4’-dimethyl 2, 2’-bipyridine) with planar-chiral chloro-bridged ruthenium: Synthesis of cis-dicarbonyl [4, 4’-dimethyl-2, 2’-bipyridine-\(\kappa\)O1, \(\kappa\)O2]\(\{\)2-[tricarbonyl (\(\eta\)6-phenylene-\(\kappa\)C1) chromium] pyridine-\(\kappa\)n\(\}\) ruthenium hexafluorophosphate. Inorganica Chimica Acta. Elsevier; 2013b.
Hirst JM, Stedman OJ. The epidemiology of apple scab (Venturia inaequalis (Cke.) Wint.) III. The supply of ascospores. Annals of Applied Biology. Wiley Online Library; 1962;50(3):551–67.
Holgate P. Fitting a straight line to data from a truncated population. Biometrics. 1965;21(3):715–20.
Hosseini R, Mirghotbi M, Pourvali K, Kimiagar SM, Rashidkhani B, Mirghotbi T. The effect of food service system modifications on staff body mass index in an industrial organization. Journal of Paramedical Sciences. 2015;6(1):2008–4978.
Houben AJ, D’Onofrio R, Kokelj SV, Blais JM. Factors affecting elevated arsenic and methyl mercury concentrations in small shield lakes surrounding gold mines near the Yellowknife, NT, (Canada) region. PloS one. Public Library of Science San Francisco, CA USA; 2016;11(4):e0150960.
Hurlimann A, Dolnicar S. Public acceptance and perceptions of alternative water sources: A comparative study in nine locations. International Journal of Water Resources Development. 2016;32(4):650–73.
Huskisson EC. Simple analgesics for arthritis. British Medical Journal. 1974;4:196–200.
IBM Corp. IBM SPSS statistics for Windows, version 24.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp; 2016.
Imtiaz S, Ali Z, Chaudhry KA, Abbas F, Anjum N. Assessment of nutritional status of anemic children. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences. 2017;11(1):131–5.
Ingalls AG. If you smoke. Scientific American [Internet]. 1936;154(6):310–55. Available from:
Jacka FN, Kremer PJ, Leslie ER, Berk M, Patton GC, Toumbourou JW, et al. Associations between diet quality and depressed mood in adolescents: Results from the Australian Healthy Neighbourhoods Study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2010;44(5):435–42.
Janatuinen EK, Kemppainen TA, Julkunen RJK, Kosma VM, Mäki M, Heikkinen M, et al. No harm from five year ingestion of oats in coeliac disease. Gut. 2002;50(3):332–5.
Joglekar G, Scheunemyer JH, LaRiccia V. Lack-of-fit testing when replicates are not available. The American Statistician. 1989;43:135–43.
Julious SA, Mullee MA. Confounding and Simpson’s paradox. BMJ. British Medical Journal Publishing Group; 1994;309(6967):1480–1.
Kahane CJ, Hertz E. The long-term effectiveness of center high mounted stop lamps in passenger cars and light trucks [Internet]. NHTSA; 1998. Report No.: DOT HT 8087 696. Available from:
Kahn M. An exhalent problem for teaching statistics. Journal of Statistical Education. 2005;13(2).
Kanji GK. 100 statistical tests. Sage; 2006.
Kardish MR, Mueller UG, Amador-Vargas S, Dietrich EI, Ma R, Barrett B, et al. Blind trust in unblinded observation in ecology, evolution, and behavior. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. Frontiers; 2015;3:51.
Keeling KB, Pavur RJ. Numerical accuracy issues in using Excel for simulation studies. Proceedings of the 2004 winter simulation conference, 2004. IEEE; 2004. p. 1513–8.
Kelishadi R, Mozafarian N, Qorbani M, Motlagh ME, Safiri S, Ardalan G, et al. Is snack consumption associated with meal skipping in children and adolescents? The CASPIAN-IV study. Eat Weight Disorders. 2017;22:321–8.
Kelpin SS, Moore TB, Hull LC, Dillon PM, Perry BL, Thacker LR, et al. Alcohol use and problems in daily and non-daily coffee drinking college females. Journal of Substance Use. 2018;23(6):574–8.
Kheok SW, Chong CY, McCarthy G, Lim WY, Goh KT, Razak L, et al. The efficacy of influenza vaccination in healthcare workers in a tropical setting: A prospective investigator blinded observational study. Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore. Academy of Medicine, Singapore; 2008;37(6):465.
Klanian MG, Diaz MD, Aranda J, Juárez CR. Integrated effect of nutrients from a recirculation aquaponic system and foliar nutrition on the yield of tomatoes Solanum lycopersicum L. And Solanum pimpinellifolium. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. Springer; 2018;1–3.
Ko W-R, Hung W-T, Chang H-C, Lin L-Y. Inappropriate use of standard error of the mean when reporting variability of study samples: A critical evaluation of four selected journals of obstetrics and gynecology. Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Elsevier; 2014;53(1):26–9.
Kohlmeier L, Arminger G, Bartolomeycik S, Bellach B, Rehm J, Thamm M. Pet birds as an independent risk factor for lung cancer: Case-control study. British Medical Journal. 1992;305(6860):986–9.
Köchling J, Geis B, Wirth S, Hensel KO. Grape or grain but never the twain? A randomized controlled multiarm matched-triplet crossover trial of beer and wine. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2019;109(2):345–52.
Laine C, Goodman SN, Griswold ME, Sox HC. Reproducible research: Moving toward research the public can really trust. Annals of Internal Medicine. Citeseer; 2007;146(6):450–3.
Lane PW. Generalized linear models in soil science. European Journal of Soil Science. 2002;53:241–51.
Larson N, Loth KA, Nanney MS. Staff training interests, barriers, and preferences in rural and urban child care programs in minnesota. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. Elsevier; 2019;51(3):335–41.
Latour B. Pasteur et Pouchet: Hétérogenèse de l’historie des sciences [Pasteur and Pouchet: Heterogenesis of the history of science]. In: Serres M, editor. Eléments d’histoire des sciences [elements of history of science]. Paris: Bordas; 1989. p. 423–45.
Laws N. Characterisation and strategic treatment of dystrophic muscle [PhD thesis]. Department of Biology; Physical Sciences, University of Southern Queensland; 2005.
LeBlanc VR, MacDonald RD, McArthur B, King K, Lepine T. Paramedic performance in calculating drug dosages following stressful scenarios in a human patient simulator. Prehospital Emergency Care. 2005;9(4):439–44.
Lee G-W, Kim RB, Go SI, Cho HS, Lee SJ, Hui D, et al. Gender differences in hiccup patients: Analysis of published case reports and case-control studies. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2016a;51(2):278–83.
Lee Y-M, Kim S-A, Lee I-K, Kim J-G, Park K-G, Jeong J-Y, et al. Effect of a brown rice based vegan diet and conventional diabetic diet on glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes: A 12-week randomized clinical trial. PloS One. Public Library of Science; 2016b;11(6).
Lemon J. plotrix: A package in the red light district of r. R-News. 2006;6(4):8–12.
Lennon A, Oviedo-Trespalacios O, Matthews S. Pedestrian self-reported use of smart phones: Positive attitudes and high exposure influence intentions to cross the road while distracted. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2017;98:338–47.
Levine RV. The pace of life. American Scientist. 1990;450–9.
Lewis KP, Vander Wal E, Fifield DA. Wildlife biology, big data, and reproducible research. Wildlife Society Bulletin. Wiley Online Library; 2018;42(1):172–9.
Lipton RB, Stewart WF, Ryan Jr RE, Saper J, Silberstein S, Sheftell F. Efficacy and safety of acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine in alleviating migraine headache pain: Three double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials. Archives of Neurology. 1998;55(2):210–7.
Loesch DZ, Stokes K, Huggins RM. Secular trend in body height and weight of Australian children and adolescents. American Journal of Physical Anthropology: The Official Publication of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Wiley Online Library; 2000;111(4):545–56.
London RE, Slagter HA. Statement of retraction: Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation over left dorsolateral pFC on the attentional blink depend on individual baseline performance. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 2021;1.
Lord B, Cui J, Kelly A-M. The impact of patient sex on paramedic pain management in the prehospital setting. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine. Elsevier; 2009;27(5):525–9.
Lorenz K, Hoffmann T, Heumann C, Noack B. Effect of toothpaste containing amine fluoride and stannous chloride on the reduction of dental plaque and gingival inflammation. A randomized controlled 12-week home-use study. International Journal of Dental Hygiene. Wiley Online Library; 2019;
Lothian JB, Grey V, Lands LC. Effect of whey protein to modulate immune response in children with atopic asthma. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition. 2006;57(3/4):204–11.
Lundin KEA, Nilsen EM, Scott HG, Løberg EM, Gjøen A, Bratlie J, et al. Oats induced villous atrophy in coeliac disease. Gut. 2003;52(11):1649–52.
MacDonald M. Is enough really enough?: Evaluation of an alcohol awareness campaign at ECU Joondalup. 2008; Available from:
MacGregor GA, Markandu ND, Roulston JE, Jones JC. Essential hypertension: Effect of an oral inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme. British Medical Journal. 1979;2:1106–9.
Macgregor IDM, Rugg-Gunn AJ. Survey of toothbrushing duration in 85 uninstructed English schoolchildren. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 1979;7(5):297–8.
Macgregor IDM, Rugg-Gunn AJ. Toothbrushing duration in 60 uninstructed young adults. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 1985;13(3):121–2.
Mackowiak PA, Wasserman SS, Levine MM. A critical appraisal of \(98.6^\circ\)f, the upper limit of the normal body temperature, and other legacies of Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1992;268(12):1578–80.
Mages S, Hensel O, Zierz AM, Kraya T, Zierz S. Experimental provocation of ‘ice-cream headache’ by ice cubes and ice water. Cephalalgia. 2017;37(5):464–9.
Manly BFJ, Alberto JAN. Introduction to ecological sampling. CRC Press; 2014.
Mann L, Blotnicky K. Influences of physical environments on university student eating behaviors. International Journal of Health Sciences. 2017;5(2):42–52.
Manzano F, Pérez A-M, Colmenero M, Aguilar M-M, Sánchez-Cantalejo E, Reche A-M, et al. Comparison of alternating pressure mattresses and overlays for prevention of pressure ulcers in ventilated intensive care patients: A quasi-experimental study. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2013;69(9):2099–106.
March DT, Vinette-Herrin K, Peters A, Ariel E, Blyde D, Hayward D, et al. Hematologic and biochemical characteristics of stranded green sea turtles. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 2018;
Maron M. Threshold effect of eucalypt density on an aggressive avian competitor. Biological Conservation. 2007;136:100–7.
Marshman M, Dunn PK. Teaching statistics with experiential learning: A visual experience. Submitted;
Martín ISM, Vilar EG, Barrado MR, Barato VP. Soft drink consumption: Do we know what we drink and its implication on health? Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. IOS Press; 2018;11(1):1–0.
Maunder A, Bessell E, Lauche R, Adams J, Sainsbury A, Fuller NR. Effectiveness of herbal medicines for weight loss: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. Wiley Online Library; 2020;22(6):891–903.
McCarney R, Warner J, Iliffe S, Van Haselen R, Griffin M, Fisher P. The Hawthorne effect: A randomised, controlled trial. BMC medical research methodology. BioMed Central; 2007;7(1):30.
McCrory P, Meeuwisse WH, Aubry M, Cantu B, Dvořák J, Echemendia RJ, et al. Consensus statement on concussion in sport: The 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012. British Journal of Sports Medicine [Internet]. British Association of Sport; Exercise Medicine; 2013;47(5):250–8. Available from:
McCullough BD, Wilson B. On the accuracy of statistical procedures in Microsoft Excel 2000 and Excel XP. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis. Elsevier; 2002;40(4):713–21.
McLinn SE, Moskal M, Goldfarb J, Bodor F, Aronovitz G, Schwartz R, et al. Comparison of cefuroxime axetil and amoxicillin-clavulanate suspensions in treatment of acute otitis media with effusion in children. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 1994;38(2):315–8.
Mead R. Plant density and crop yield. Applied Statistics. 1970;19(1):64–81.
Meline T. Selecting studies for systematic review: Inclusion and exclusion criteria. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders. 2006;33:21–7.
Mendes P. Reproducible research using biomodels. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. Springer; 2018;80(12):3081–7.
Mélard G. On the accuracy of statistical procedures in Microsoft Excel 2010. Computational Statistics. Springer; 2014;29(5):1095–128.
Miller EE, Boyle LN. Behavioral adaptations to lane keeping systems: Effects of exposure and withdrawal. Human factors. 2019;61(1):152–64.
Mine N, Wai SH, Lim TC, Kang W. An observational study on the productivity of formwork in building construction. ISARC Proceedings of the international symposium on automation and robotics in construction. IAARC Publications; 2015. p. 1.
Mohammadpoorasl A, Hajizadeh M, Marin S, Heidari P, Ghalenoee M. Prevalence and pattern of using headphones and its relationship with hearing loss among students. Health Scope. 2018;(In Press).
Moir RJ. A note on the relationship between the digestible dry matter and the digestable energy content of ruminant diets. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry. 1961;1:24–6.
Montgomery DC, Peck EA. Introduction to regression analysis. New York: Wiley; 1992.
Mullaney J, Lucke T. Practical review of pervious pavement designs. CLEAN–Soil, Air, Water. Wiley Online Library; 2014;42(2):111–24.
Myers RH. Classical and modern regression with applications. second. Duxbury; 1990.
Myers RH, Montgomery DC, Vining GG. Generalized linear models with applications in engineering and the sciences. Wiley; 2002.
Nagele P. Misuse of standard error of the mean (SEM) when reporting variability of a sample. A critical evaluation of four anaesthesia journals. British Journal of Anaesthesia. Oxford University Press; 2003;90(4):514–6.
Nakamura N, Horibe S, Toritsuka Y, Mitsuoka T, Yoshikawa H, Shino K. Acute grade III medial collateral ligament injury of the knee associated with anterior cruciate ligament tear: The usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging in determining a treatment regimen. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2000;31(2):261–7.
Nelson W. Applied life data. Wiley; 1982.
Norris DR. Carry-over effects and habitat quality in migratory populations. Oikos. Wiley Online Library; 2005;109(1):178–86.
O’Connor BA, Carman J, Eckert K, Tucker G, Givney R, Cameron S. Does using potting mix make you sick? Results from a Legionella longbeachae case-control study in South Australia. Epidemiology and Infection. 2007;135:34–9.
Ocepek J, Roberts AEK, Vidmar G. Evaluation of treatment in the smart home IRIS in terms of functional independence and occupational performance and satisfaction. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine. 2013;2013:1–0.
Ooms J. gifski: Highest quality GIF encoder [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = gifski.
Oppenheimer DM. Consequences of erudite vernacular utilized irrespective of necessity: Problems with using long words needlessly. Applied Cognitive Psychology: The Official Journal of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. 2006;20(2):139–56.
Pamphlett R. Exposure to environmental toxins and the risk of sporadic motor neuron disease: An expanded Australian case–control study. European Journal of Neurology. 2012;19:1343–8.
Panda RP, Das SS, Sahoo PK. Relation between bitumen content and percentage air voids in semi dense bituminous concrete. Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series A. 2018;99(2):327–32.
Panko R. What we don’t know about spreadsheet errors today: The facts, why we don’t believe them, and what we need to do. arXiv preprint arXiv:160202601. 2016;
Panko RR, Sprague Jr RH. Hitting the wall: Errors in developing and code inspecting a ‘simple’ spreadsheet model. Decision Support Systems. Elsevier; 1998;22(4):337–53.
Paul WL, Taylor PA. A comparison of occupant comfort and satisfaction between a green building and a conventional building. Building and Environment. 2008;43:1858–70.
Peat J, Elliott E, Baur L, Keena V. Scientific writing: Easy when you know how. London: BMJ Books; 2002.
Pons PT, Haukoos JS, Bludworth W, Cribley T, Pons KA, Markovchick VJ. Paramedic response time: Does it affect patient survival? Academic Emergency Medicine. 2005;12(7):594–600.
Porter SR. Pros and cons of paper and electronic surveys. New Directions for Institutional Research. Wiley Online Library; 2004;2004(121):91–7.
Pruim R. NHANES: Data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Study [Internet]. 2015. Available from: = NHANES.
Quan Q-D, Tran H-D, Chung A-D. The relation of body score (body height/body length) and haplotype E on Phu Quoc Ridgeback dogs (Canis familiaris). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2017;5:388–94.
R Core Team. R: A language and environment for statistical computing [Internet]. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing; 2018. Available from:
Radun I, Lajunen T. Bicycle helmets and the experimenter effect. Psychological Science. SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA; 2018;29(6):1020–2.
Raftery M, Kemp S, Patricios J, Makdissi M, Decq P. It is time to give concussion an operational definition: A 3-step process to diagnose (or rule out) concussion within 48 h of injury: World Rugby guideline. British Journal of Sports Medicine [Internet]. British Association of Sport; Exercise Medicine; 2016;50(11):642–3. Available from:
Richardson AM, Dunn PK, Hutchins R. Identification and definition of lexically ambiguous words in statistics by tutors and students. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology. Taylor & Francis; 2013;44(7):1007–19.
Ridgewell C, Sipe N, Buchanan N. School travel modes: Factors influencing parental choice in four Brisbane schools. Urban Policy and Research. Taylor & Francis; 2009;27(1):43–57.
Robson C. Real world research. Second. Blackwell Publishing; 2002.
Romero-Blanco C, Rodríguez-Almagro J, Onieva-Zafra MD, Parra-Fernández ML, Prado-Laguna MDC, Hernández-Martínez A. Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle in university students: Changes during confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020;17(18):6567.
Royston P, Altman DG. Regression using fractional polynomials of continuous covariates: Parsimonious parametric modelling. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C. 1994;43(3):429–67.
Rubbo P, Helmann CL, Bilynkievycz dos Santos C, Pilatti LA. Retractions in the engineering field: A study on the web of science database. Ethics & Behavior. Taylor & Francis; 2019;29(2):141–55.
Ruscoe P, Dunn P. Fatal accident rates in private pilots (PPL) 1992–1999: An Australian review. AMSANZ annual conference & scientific meeting. 2003.
Russell J, Flood V, Yeatman H, Mitchell P. Prevalence and risk factors of food insecurity among a cohort of older Australians. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging. 2014;18(1):3–8.
Russell TC, Herbert CA, Kohen JL. High possum mortality on urban roads: Implications for the population viability of the common brushtail and the common ringtail possum. Australian Journal of Zoology. 2009;57:391–7.
Sacks FM, Bray GA, Carey VJ, Smith SR, Ryan DH, Anton SD, et al. Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2009;360(9):859–73.
Salimirad F, Srimathi NL. The relationship between, psychological well-being and occupation self-efficacy among teachers in the city of Msore, India. International Journal of Indian Psychology. 2016;3:14–21.
Schepaschenko D, Shvidenko A, Usoltsev VA, Lakyda P, Luo Y, Vasylyshyn R, et al. A dataset of forest biomass structure for Eurasia. Scientific Data. 2017;4:1–1.
Schmid AB, Elliott JM, Stridwick MW, Little M, Coppeiters MW. Effect of splinting and exercise on intraneural edema of the median nerve in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome—an MRI study to reveal therapeutic mechanisms. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 2012;30(8):1343–50.
Schorling JB, Roach J, Siegel M, Baturka N, Hunt DE, Guterbock TM, et al. A trial of church-based smoking cessation interventions for rural African Americans. Preventative Medicine. 1997;26(1):92–101.
Schröder JJ, Vermeulen GD, Van der Schoot JR, Van Dijk W, Huijsmans JFM, Meuffels GJHM, et al. Maize yields benefit from injected manure positioned in bands. European Journal of Agronomy. Elsevier; 2015;64:29–36.
Schwitzgebel E. Do ethicists steal more books? Philosophical Psychology. Taylor & Francis; 2009;22(6):711–25.
Sedgwick P. Non-response bias versus response bias. BMJ. British Medical Journal Publishing Group; 2014;348:g2573.
Shahabuddin S. Plagiarism in academic. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. ERIC; 2009;21(3):353–9.
Shamim T. Development of a guideline to approach plagiarism in Indian scenario. Indian Journal of Dermatology. Medknow Publications & Media Pvt. Ltd.; 2014;59(5):473.
Shiffman S, West RJ, Gilbert DG. Recommendation for the assessment of tobacco craving and withdrawal in smoking cessation trials. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2004;6(4):599–614.
Shoemaker AL. What’s normal? – temperature, gender, and heart rate. Journal of Statistics Education [Internet]. 1996;4(2). Available from:
Sidi J. slickR: Create interactive carousels with the JavaScript ’slick’ library [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = slickR.
Siegrist M. The use or misuse of three-dimensional graphs to represent lower-dimensional data. Behaviour & Information Technology. Taylor & Francis; 1996;15(2):96–100.
Sievert C. Plotly for R [Internet]. 2018. Available from:
Silva EJNL, Carvalho NK, Prado MC, Zanon M, Senna PM, Souza EM, et al. Push-out bond strength of injectable pozzolan-based root canal sealer. Journal of Endodontics. 2016;42(11):1656–9.
Silverman SG, Tuncali K, Adams DF, Nawfel RD, Zou KH, Judy PF. CT fluoroscopy-guided adbominal interventions: Techniques, results, and radiation exposure. Radiology. 1999;212:673–81.
Simons JE, Holmes DT. Reproducible research and reports with R. Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine. Oxford University Press; 2019;4(3):471–3.
Singh RK, Prasad G. Long-term mortality after lower-limb amputation. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 2016;40(5).
Sloof P, Burg J van den, Voogd A, Benne R. The nucleotide sequence of a 3.2 kb segment of mitochondrial maxicircle DNA from crithidia fasciculata containing the gene for cytochrome oxidase subunit III, the n-terminal part of the apocytochrome b gene and a possible frameshift gene; further evidence for the use of unusual initiator triplets in trypanosome mitochondria. Nucleic Acids Research. Oxford University Press; 1987;15(1):51–65.
Smith DT, Attwell K, Evers U. Majority acceptance of vaccination and mandates across the political spectrum in Australia. Politics. SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England; 2020;40(2):189–206.
Smith GCS, Pell JP. Parachute use to prevent death and major trauma related to gravitational challenge: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMJ. 2003;327:1459–61.
Smyth GK. OzdaslAustralasian data and story library [Internet]. 2010. Available from:
Snowden JM, Basso O. Causal inference in studies of preterm babies: A simulation study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Wiley Online Library; 2018;125(6):686–92.
Soetaert K. Diagram: Functions for visualising simple graphs (networks), plotting flow diagrams [Internet]. 2017. Available from: = diagram.
Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ. Biometry: The principles and practice of statistics in biological research. Third. New York: W. H. Freeman; Company; 1995.
Solomon PR, Adams F, Silver A, Zimmer J, Veaux R De. Ginko for memory enhancement. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2002;288(7):835–40.
Stead-Richardson E, Bradshaw D, Friend T, Fletcher T. Monitoring reproduction in the critically endangered marsupial, Gilbert’s potoroo (Potorous gilbertii): Preliminary analysis of faecal oestradiol-17\(\beta\), cortisol and progestagens. General and comparative endocrinology. Elsevier; 2010;165(1):155–62.
Steele M, Zahr RA, Kirshbom PM, Kopf GS, Karimi M. Quality of life for historic cavopulmonary shunt survivors. World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery. 2016;7(5):630–4.
Steele S. Babies by the dozen for Christmas: 24-hour baby boom. The Sunday Mail. 1997;7.
Stensballe J, Looms D, Nielsen PN, Tvede M. Hydrophilic-coated catheters for intermittent catheterisation reduce urethral microtrauma: A prospective, randomised, participant-blinded, crossover study of three different types of catheter. European Urology. 2005;48:978–83.
Sterndale SO, Miller DW, Mansfield JP, Kim JC, Pluske JR. Increasing dietary tryptophan and decreasing other large neutral amino acids increases weight gain and feed intake in weaner pigs infected with escherichia coli. Animal Production Science. CSIRO; 2017;57(12):2410–0.
Stirrat SC. Age structure, mortality and breeding in a population of agile wallabies (Macropus agilis). Australian Journal of Zoology. 2008;56:431–9.
Stone RC, Auliciems A. SOI phase relationships with rainfall in eastern Australia. International Journal of Climatology. 1992;12:625–36.
Stone RC, Hammer GL, Marcussen T. Prediction of global rainfall probabilities using phases of the southern oscillation index. Nature. 1996;384:252–5.
Strayer DL, Johnston WA. Driven to distraction: Dual-task studies of simulated driving and conversing on a cellular telephone. Psychological Science. 2001;12(6):462–6.
Su Y-S. It’s easy to produce chartjunk using Microsoft Excel 2007 but hard to make good graphs. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis. Elsevier; 2008;52(10):4594–601.
Sutherland J, Edwards P, Shankar B, Dangour AD. Fewer adults add salt at the table after initiation of a national salt campaign in the UK: A repeated cross-sectional analysis. British Journal of Nutrition. 2012;
Swinnen E, Baeyens J-P, Mulders B Van, Verspecht J, Degelaen M. The influence of the use of ankle-foot orthoses on thorax, spine, and pelvis kinematics during walking in children with cerebral palsy. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 2017;2017.
Tager IB, Weiss ST, Rosner B, Speizer FE. Effect of parental cigarette smoking on the pulmonary function of children. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1979;110(1):15–26.
Talukdar DK. A study of correlation between california bearing ratio (CBR) value with other properties of soil. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering. Citeseer; 2014;4(1):559–62.
Taylor MP, Camenzuli D, Kristensen LJ, Forbes M, Zahran S. Environmental lead exposure risks associated with children’s outdoor playgrounds. Environmental Pollution. 2013;178:447–54.
Taylor R, Gumming R, Woodward A, Black M. Passive smoking and lung cancer: A cumulative meta-analysis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Wiley Online Library; 2001;25(3):203–11.
Teillet E, Urbano C, Cordelle S, Schlich P. Consumer perception and preference of bottled and tap water. Journal of sensory studies. Wiley Online Library; 2010;25(3):463–80.
Telford RD, Cunningham RB. Sex, sport, and body-size dependency of hematology in highly trained athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1991;23(7):788–94.
The jamovi Project. jamovi (version 1.0) [computer software] [Internet]. Available from:
The Open University. MDST242 Statistics in Society, Unit A0: Introduction. The Open University; 1983.
Tsai H-M. A mechanistic approach to the diagnosis and management of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. Transfusion Medicine Reviews. Elsevier; 2014;28(4):187–97.
Tufte ER, McKay SR, Christian W, Matey JR. Visual explanations: Images and quantities, evidence and narrative. AIP; 1998.
Tully MP. Articulating questions, generating hypotheses, and choosing study designs. The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. 2014;67(1):31.
US Department of Transportation. 2009 national household travel survey user’s guide. US Department of Transportation Washington, DC; 2011.
van Helmont J-B. On the necessity of leavens in transformations. In: Conte J. L., editor. Les oevres de Jean-Baptiste van Helmont. Lyon; 1671.
van Rij J. Plotfunctions: Various functions to facilitate visualization of data and analysis [Internet]. 2020. Available from: = plotfunctions.
Vanderkam D, Allaire JJ, Owen J, Gromer D, Thieurmel B. Dygraphs: Interface to ’dygraphs’ interactive time series charting library [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = dygraphs.
Vaughn MR, Brooks E, Oorschot RAH van, Baindur-Hudson S. A comparison of macroscopic and microscopic hair color measurements and a quantification of the relationship between hair color and thickness. Microscopy and Microanalysis. Cambridge University Press; 2009;15(3):189–93.
Venables B, Hornik K. oz: Plot the Australian coastline and states [Internet]. 2016. Available from: = oz.
Verdecchia P, SchillacI G, Borgioni C, Ciucci A, Zampi I, Battistelli M, et al. Cigarette smoking, ambulatory blood pressure and cardiac hypertrophy in essential hypertension. Journal of Hypertension. 1995;13(10):1209–15.
Waber RL, Shiv B, Carmon Z, Ariely D. Commercial features of placebo and therapeutic. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2008;299(9):1016–7.
Wallace HJ, Fear MW, Crowe MM, Martin LJ, Wood FM. Identification of factors predicting scar outcome after burn in adults: A prospective case-control study. Burns. 2017;43:1271–83.
Wang L, Li R, Wang C, Liu Z. Driver injury severity analysis of crashes in a western China’s rural mountainous county: Taking crash compatibility difference into consideration. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English edition). Elsevier; 2020;
Weil K, Hooper L, Afzal Z, Esposito M, Worthington HV, Wijk A van, et al. Paracetamol for pain relief after surgical removal of lower wisdom teeth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007;(3).
Wetzel N. McDonald’s french fries: Would you like small or large fries? STATS. 2005;43:12–4.
Wickham H. ggplot2: Elegant graphics for data analysis [Internet]. Springer-Verlag New York; 2016. Available from:
Wickham H. scales: Scale functions for visualization [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = scales.
Wickham H, François R, Henry L, Müller K. dplyr: A grammar of data manipulation [Internet]. 2019. Available from: = dplyr.
Willems JP, Saunders JT, Hunt DE, Schorling JB. Prevalence of coronary heart disease risk factors among rural blacks: A community-based study. Southern Medical Journal. 1997;90(8):814–20.
Williams B, Boyle M. Estimation of external blood loss by paramedics: Is there any point? Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 2007;22(6):502–6.
Williams P, Goring R, Franklin J. Mechanical chest compressions and survival in the emergency setting. Journal of Paramedic Practice. MA Healthcare London; 2021;13(2):62–8.
Wojcik LA, Thelen DG, Schultz AB, Ashton-Miller JA, Alexander NB. Age and gender differences in single-step recovery from a forward fall. Journal of Gerentology. 1999;54A(1):M44–50.
Wong P-F, Chan EY-T, Ng DK-K, Kwok K-L, Yip AY-F, Leung S-Y. Correlation between 6-min walk test and cardiopulmonary exercise test in Chinese patients. Pediatric Respirology and Critical Care Medicine. Medknow Publications; 2018;2(2):32.
Woodward M, Walker ARP. Sugar consumption and dental caries: Evidence from 90 countries. British Dental Journal. 1994;176:297–302.
Woolf K, St. Thomas MM, Hahn N, Vaughan LA, Carlson AG, Hinton P. Iron status in highly active and sedentary young women. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2009;19:519–35.
Wu K-S, Lee SS-J, Chen J-K, Chen Y-S, Tsai H-C, Chen Y-J, et al. Identifying heterogeneity in the Hawthorne effect on hand hygiene observation: A cohort study of overtly and covertly observed results. BMC Infectious Diseases. BioMed Central; 2018;18(1):369.
Wunderlich C. Das verhalten der Eiaenwarme in Krankenheitem. Leipzig, Germany: Otto Wigard; 1868.
Xie Y. animation: An R package for creating animations and demonstrating statistical methods. Journal of Statistical Software [Internet]. 2013;53(1):1–27. Available from:
Xie Y. Dynamic documents with R and knitr [Internet]. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, Florida: Chapman; Hall/CRC; 2015. Available from:
Xie Y. Bookdown: Authoring books and technical documents with R markdown [Internet]. Boca Raton, Florida: Chapman; Hall/CRC; 2016. Available from:
Xie Y, Cheng J, Tan X. DT: A wrapper of the JavaScript library ’DataTables’ [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = DT.
Yang P, Chan M, Carver S, Hu D. How do wombats make cubed poo? Bulletin of the American Physical Society. APS; 2018;
Yeh RW, Valsdottir LR, Yeh MW, Shen C, Kramer DB, Strom JB, et al. Parachute use to prevent death and major trauma when jumping from aircraft: Randomized controlled trial. BMJ. 2018;363:k5094.
Zagorsky JL. Are blondes really dumb? Economics Bulletin. 2016;36(1):401–10.
Zhu H. kableExtra: Construct complex table with ’kable’ and pipe syntax [Internet]. 2018. Available from: = kableExtra.
Ziemann M, Eren Y, El-Osta A. Gene name errors are widespread in the scientific literature. Genome Biology. BioMed Central; 2016;17(1):1–3.
Zimmerman DW. A note on the interpretation of the paired-samples \(t\)-test. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. 1997;22(3):349–60.
Zou KH, Tuncali K, Silverman SG. Correlation and simple linear regression. Radiology. 2003;227:617–28.