10.11 Optional: Tests for ORs
This question is optional; for example, if you need more practice, or you are studying for the exam.
(Answers available in Sect. A.10)
This question has a video solution in the online book, so you can hear and see the solution.
A study (Tanagawa and Shigematsu 1998) examined the choice of airway devices used for nontraumatic, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, to evaluate the success and failure of insertion for various devices.
The data for success and failure at insertion is given in Table 10.5, taken from available patient documentation.
|Esophageal gastric tube airway (EGTA)||545||49|
|Laryngeal mask (LM)||2701||315|
Define \(p\) as the population proportion of successful attempts at insertion. Write the hypotheses to be tested.
Are the results likely to be statistically valid? Explain.
The study was designed to enable medics to choose the best airway device.
Would you recommend EGTA or LM? Why? Would you like any more information before making your choice? Explain.