8.5 Milestones of Cognitive Development

The many theories of cognitive development and the different research that has been done about how children understand the world, has allowed researchers to study the milestones that children who are typically developing experience in early childhood. Here is a table that summarizes those.

Table 8.1: Cognitive Milestones319
Typical Age What Most Children Do by This Age
3 years Can work toys with buttons, levers, and moving parts
3 years Plays make-believe with dolls, animals, and people
3 years Does puzzles with 3 or 4 pieces
3 years Understands what “two” means
4 years Names some colors and some numbers
4 years Understands the idea of counting
4 years Starts to understand time
4 years Remembers parts of a story
4 years Understands the idea of “same” and “different”
4 years Plays board or card games
4 years Tells you what he thinks is going to happen next in a book
5 years Counts 10 or more things
5 years Knows about things used every day, like money and food

  1. Developmental Milestones by the CDC is in the public domain↩︎