5.8 Associational vs. causal inference
- Joint distribution is basis for any quantitative analysis (Holland 1986, 948; Pearl 2009)
- Associational inference:
- Summarize joint distribution with statistical model (e.g. regression model)
- Does not tell us anything about causality, e.g. coefficient represents effect in both directions (Trust ↔ Victim)
- Causal inference:
- Summarize joint distribution with statistical model
- Add assumptions
- Causal interpretation!
Holland, Paul W. 1986. “Statistics and Causal Inference.” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 81 (396). Taylor & Francis: 945–60.
Pearl, Judea. 2009. “Causal Inference in Statistics: An Overview.” Stat. Surv. 3. The author, under a Creative Commons Attribution License: 96–146.