Column 3 (214-221)

Esna 214

Aʿnḫ nṯr nfr
snn n Rʿ
mw nṯry
prỉ m fnḏ=f
zȝ Ỉtm
bʿḥ ḥw.t-Mw.t
m ȝḫ.w
snḏ ḥr.w n mȝȝ=f

(tmtyns ḫwỉ)|
mry ẖnmw-Rʿ nb tȝ-sn.t

A Live the good god,
likeness of Re,
divine seed,
who emerged from his nose,
son of Atum,
who floods the Temple of the Mother
with excellent things;
people are scared from seeing him.

The son of Re
(Domitian Augustus)|
beloved of Khnum-Re Lord of Esna.

Bʿnḫ nṯr nfr
ỉȝw.t n nsw.t-bỉty
ḥqȝ.n=k tȝ.wy
m mȝʿ-ḫrw
sḥḏ ḥr=k
zmȝ.n=k tȝ.wy m ḥtp

(ỉwtkrtr gysrs)|
mry ẖnmw-Rʿ nb sḫ.t

B Live the good god,
(you perform?)49 the office of the King,
having ruled the two lands
in justification.
May your face be bright,
may you be justified,
having united the two lands in peace.

King of Upper and Lower Egypt
(Autokrator Caesar)|
beloved of Khnum-Re Lord of the Field.

Esna 215

Cartouches of Heka the child, with figures of Khnum and Horus Behedety.
Heka’s name is spelled:

  3;     7, 14;     11

Esna 216

1ỉr(.t) p(ȝ) wdn n N.t
m hrw pn mỉ rʿ-nb

1 Performing the litany of Neith
on this day like every day.
Words spoken:

wdn n N.t wr.t
mw.t-nṯr nb(.t) tȝ-sn.t
m rn(.w)=s nb(.w)
ḥr-tp ʿnḫ-wḏȝ-snb
n nsw.t-bỉty
(pr-ʿȝ ḏ.t)|

Offering for Neith the great,
Mother of God, Lady of Esna,
in all her names,
in addition to the life, prosperity, health
for the King of Upper and Lower Egypt,
(Pharaoh forever)|

In progress…

Esna 217

19pȝ wdn n Wsỉr
m hrw pn
mỉ rʿ nb

wdn n Wsỉr (wn-nfr mȝʿ-ḫrw)|
nsw.t nṯr.w
m rn=f nb
ḥr-tp ʿnḫ-wḏȝ-snb
n nsw.t-bỉty
(tmtyns ḫwỉ)|

18 The litany of Osiris
on this day,
just like every day.
Words spoken:

Litany for Osiris (Wennefer justified)|
King of the Gods,
in all his names,
as well as life, dominion, and health
for the King of Upper and Lower Egypt
(Domitian Augustus)|


n Wsỉr (wn-nfr mȝʿ-ḫrw)|
nsw.t nṯr.w
nṯr ʿȝ ḥry-ỉb tȝ-sn.t

For Osiris (Wennefer justified)|
King of the Gods,
great god within Esna.


n Skr-Wsỉr
ḥry-ỉb tȝ-sn.t

For Sokar-Osiris,
within Esna.


n Wsỉr-20-Skr
ḥry-ỉb šty.t

For Osiris-20-Sokar
within the Shetayet-shrine.


n Wsỉr
Ỉwn wr m Ỉwny.t

For Osiris,
great Iun in Iunyt.


n Wsỉr
wn(.w) n=f wȝ.t
n rw.ty

For Osiris,
for whom the path is opened
of the Ruty (Shu and Tefnut).


n Wsỉr nb ḫnt-tȝ
m ỉȝ.t-ṯȝ.wy

For Osiris, Lord of Khent-ta
in District of the Chicks.


n Wsỉr nb ʿbȝ
nṯr ʿȝ ḫnt Pr-nṯr

For Osiris, Lord of Aba,
great god within Per-netjer.


n Wsỉr 21nb Pr-ẖnmw
ẖnm ḫnty sḫ.t=f

For Osiris 21 Lord of Per-Khnum,
who unites with Foremost of his Field (Khnum).50


n Wsỉr
bs štȝ m ḥw.t-ṯȝ.wy

For Osiris,
mysterious image in Temple of the Chicks.


n Wsỉr
ʿq=f Pt-nṯr tp sw 10

For Osiris
he enters Per-netjer every 10 days.


n Wsỉr nb sḫ.t
ḫnty ww

For Osiris, Lord of the Field,
foremost of the agricultural district.


n Wsỉr ỉw m ḥʿpỉ
ỉwḥ ȝḫ.t

For Osiris who comes as Hapi
and floods the land.


22n Wsỉr
ẖnm sn.t=f Ỉs.t

22 For Osiris
who joins his sister, Isis.


n Wsỉr srwḏ tȝ
m rḏw=f

For Osiris who makes the earth grow
with his efflux.


n Wsỉr wtṯ bȝ
ḥry-ỉb ʿ.t-bȝ

For Osiris, who begat the Ba,
within the Chamber of the Ba.51


n Wsỉr ḥry-ỉb ḥw.t-bȝ.w

For Osiris within Temple of the Bas.


n Wsỉr nb ʿnḫ
ḫnty nb-ʿnḫ

For Osiris, Lord of Life,
Foremost of Neb-ankh.


n Wsỉr
nb 23dwȝ.t štȝ.t
ḫnty tȝ-ḏsr

For Osiris
Lord 23 of the mysterious Duat,
foremost of the Sacred Land.


n Wsỉr
nb ỉmḥ.t
ḫnty Mȝnw

For Osiris,
Lord of the grotto,
foremost of Manu.


n Wsỉr nb s.t-ḥr.t
ḫnty ḥw.t-Ỉtm

For Osiris, Lord of the Upper Place, foremost of the Temple of Atum.52


n Wsỉr nb ḥw.t-ḏfȝw
ḫnty sḫ.t

For Osiris, Lord of Hut-Djefau,
foremost of the Field.


n Wsỉr
nb š nṯry
ḫnty zȝw-ẖnn

For Osiris,
Lord of the sacred lake,
foremost of zȝw-ẖnn.53


n Wsỉr
nb š 24dšr
ḫnty ỉȝ.t-kȝkȝ

For Osiris,
Lord of the red 24 lake,
foremost of the Mound of the kȝkȝ-plant.54


n Wsỉr ḥry-ỉb ḥw.t-bȝ.w

For Osiris within Temple of the Bas.


n Wsỉr nb pr-sȝḥw-Rʿ

For Osiris Lord of Per-Sahure.


n Wsỉr
nb rs-nt
ḫnty mḥ-nt

For Osiris,
Lord of the Rs-nt,
foremost of Mḥ-nt.


n Wsỉr (wn-nfr mȝʿ-ḫrw)|
nsw.t nṯr.w
nṯr ʿȝ ḥqȝ ḏ.t

For Osiris (Wennefer justified)|
King of the Gods,
Great god, Ruler of eternity.


n Wsỉr ḫnty-Ỉmnty.w
nṯr ʿȝ nb ȝbḏw

For Osiri-Khentiamentiu,
Great god, Lord of Abydos.


n Wsỉr
nb 25ṯȝ-wr
ḫnty tȝ-ḏsr

For Osiris,
Lord of 25 the Thinite nome,
foremost of the Sacred Land.


n Wsỉr nb Ḏdw
ḫnty ʿnḏty

For Osiris Lord of Busiris,
foremost of the Busirite nome.


n Wsỉr nb zȝw
ḫnty ḥw.t-bỉty

For Osiris Lord of Sais,
foremost of the ḥw.t-bỉty.


n Wsỉr m ḥw.t-sr
sr m Ỉwnw

For Osiris in the ḥw.t-sr,
Prince in Heliopolis.


n Wsỉr
spȝ šps m 26Ỉwnw

For Osiris
august Sepa in 26 Heliopolis.


n Wsỉr-ḥmȝg
ḫnty ḥw.t-Skr

For Osiris-Hemag,
foremost of the Temple of Sokar.


n Wsỉr
Ptḥ šps m ỉnb-ḥḏ

For Osiris,
august Ptah in Memphis.


n Wsỉr
ḏd šps m ḥw.t-kȝ-Ptḥ

For Osiris,
august djed-pillar in Memphis.


n Wsỉr
nsw.t m p.t
ḥqȝ m tȝ
ỉty ʿȝ m dwȝ.t

For Osiris,
king in heaven,
ruler on earth,
great sovereign in the Duat.


n Wsỉr
nsw šmʿ
27bỉty mḥw
ḥqȝ ʿȝ m tȝ (r)-ḏr=f

For Osiris,
nsw-King of Upper Egypt,
bỉty-King of Lower Egypt,
great ruler of the entire earth.


n Wsỉr ḥry-ỉb Ỉp.t-s.wt

For Osiris within Karnak.


n Wsỉr
sr wr m Wȝs.t

For Osiris,
great prince in Thebes.


n Wsỉr
ḫy šps m Ỉp.t-wr.t

For Osiris,
august child in the Great Opet Temple.


n Wsỉr
nsw.t ḥry nṯr.w

For Osiris,
King, chief of the gods.


n Wsỉr
nb-ḏr nṯr.w

For Osiris,
All-Lord of the gods.


n Wsỉr
ỉwʿʿ n Šw
smsw n Gbb

For Osiris,
heir of Shu,
eldest of Geb.


n Wsỉr ḥwnw nfr
pr m Nw.t

For Osiris, good youth,
who came forth from Nut.


n Wsỉr
ḫʿỉ m ḥḏ.t
nb wrr.t

For Osiris,
who appears in the white crown,
lord of the double crown.


n Wsỉr nb ỉʿrr.wt
sṯỉ ḥr.w
m nbỉ.t=f

For Osiris, lord of uraei,
who illumines faces
with his fiery light.


n Wsỉr
pr m ẖ.t
r nb

mȝȝ m-sȝ=f
r pȝ wḫȝ n mḥy.t

For Osiris,
who emerged from the womb
in order to be lord.

(After this, look
to the column to the north).

The litany continues in Esna 208.

Esna 218

  • Location: Column 3
  • Date: Probably Domitian
  • Hieroglyphic Text
  • Bibliography: See Tempeltexte 2.0
  • Parallels: Multiple phrases from this offering scene, including the rare spelling of ‘Atum’, occur in the Hapi procession from the facade of the pronaos: Esna II, 54.


1[…] sḫ.t m ḥr=t
ỉḫt=s r ḫft-ḥr=t
(?) nty […]

1 […] the field before you,
its products in front of you
(?) which […]

The King

2[nṯr nfr] […] n ḫnty-wȝr=f
mzỉ rwḏ m sḫ.t
ȝpd.w […]

2 [The good god] […replica] of Khenty-waref, who brings what grows in the field, birds […]


3ḏd-mdw n Mnḥyt-Nb.t-ww
[…] 4sḫ.t
sḫp(r.t) ỉḫt nb.w
m kȝ.w […]
[npry] 5n tpy.w-tȝ
nb(.t) šȝ[.w…]
6nb(.t) rȝ.w ʿšȝ ḥb.w

7dỉ=ỉ n=k sḫ.t […]
ỉmy.w[=s] nb.w

3 Words spoken by Menhyt-Nebtu
4 […] the field,
who creates all things,
consisting of food […]
[grain] 5 for those upon earth;
Lady of the marshes […]
6 Lady of geese, numerous of fowl.


8 **ḏd-mdw n Ḥkȝ *
wr-ḥkȝw zȝ Sḫm.t
ḫy 9[…]
[…] Ỉtm m ḥwnw rnp
10[…] rʿ-nb

11dỉ=ỉ thm=k rȝ.w nb m Qbḥw

8 Words spoken by Heka,
greatest of magic, son of Sakhmet,
child 9 […]
[…] Atum55 as a rejuvenated youth,
10 […] daily.

11 I compel all geese from Qebehu to you.56

Behind the Divinities

sḫ.t nb sḫ.t
ȝḫ.t nb ȝḫ.t
Rnn.t nfr.t
[nb.t] nfrw
šms(.t) ỉb=s m ww
zb(.t)-sš m […]
[…] sḫ.t nfr.t
Mnḥy.t-Nb.t-ww nb sḫ.t

12 King of Upper and Lower Egypt,
Sekhet, lord of the sḫ.t-field,
Akhet, lord of the ȝḫ.t-field,
Good Renenutet,
[Lady] of goodness;
she who folows her heart in the prairie,
who ‘roams the marshes’ in […]
[…] the good field:
Menhyt-Nebtu, Lady of the Field.

Esna 219


1ỉr(.t) wdn n mw.t=f
sḥb pr=s
m ḫnmw nḏm

1 Performing the litany for his mother,
making her temple festive
with sweet-smelling scent.

The King

2nṯr nfr
snn n Rʿ
šzp-ʿnḫ n zȝ N.t
rwḏ ʿ.wy
ẖr […]
[kȝ]p ḫm nṯr.w
m ẖms šmʿ
pr m […]
sḥb ỉwnn

2 The good god,
likeness of Re,
living image of the Son of Neith,
firm of hands
bearing […]
who [cen]ses the shrine of the gods
with Upper Egyptian aromatics,
which comes from […]
(to) make the dwelling festive.


3smȝ=ỉ sbỉ.w=k m ȝpd.w
ỉwty […]

3 I slaughter your rebels as birds,
without […]


4ḏd-mdw n Rʿ-Ḥr-ȝḫty
ḥry nṯr.w
nṯr-ʿȝ ḥr-ỉb tȝ-sn.t
zȝ N.t
ms.n 5Mḥ.t-wr.t
ḫprỉ m ḏ.t=f
ỉtm m ẖ.t=f
6sḥḏ wr
sḥḏ tȝ.wy m […]

7dỉ=ỉ ʿšȝ ḏȝm.w[=k…]

4 Words spoken by Re-Harakhty,
chief of the gods,
great god within Esna;
son of Neith,
born of 5 Mehet-weret;
Khepri in the morning,
Atum in the evening;
6 the Great Light,
who illumines the two lands with […]

7 I let [your] generations be numerous […]

Behind the Divinities

ḫp(r.t) m ḥȝ.t
ṯnỉ sw
r nṯr.w nṯry.t
m nty […]r
ḫpr(.t) m Nwn
Mḥ.t-wr.t […]
[nḥ]m zȝ=s m-ʿ ky.w=f
N.t […] zȝ.w-[n=sn]

8 King of Upper and Lower Egypt,
who came about in the beginning,
who distinguished herself
above gods and goddesses,
as that which […]
and came about from Nun;
Mehet-weret […]
[who res]cues her son from his enemies:
Neith […] of the guardian deities.

Esna 220

Anṯr nfr
wr pḥty
nsw.t qn
nḫỉ Bȝq.t
(ȝwtwk(r)twr gysrs)|
ʿnḫ(.w) ḏ.t […]

A The good god,
great of strength,
mighty ruler
who protects Egypt.
Lord of the Two Lands
(Autokrator Caesar)|
living eternally […]

BMnḥy.t wr.t
nb.t ḫnt-tȝ
mḥn.t ḫpr(.t) m ḥȝ.t
mḥn=s ḥr tp
n nṯr nb
nn nṯr mḥn=f sw
ḥr tp=s
Rʿy.t sḥḏ(.t) tȝ.wy

B Menhyt the Great,
Lady of Khent-ta,
uraeus who came about in the beginning,
she coils upon the head
of every god;
there is no god who might coil himself
upon her head.
Female Re who illumines the two lands

ḥwỉ ḫȝs.wt
ṯnỉ sw […]

who strikes the foreigners,
[…] distinguished him […]

mw.t-nṯr n

D […]
divine mother of […]

Esna 221

Minor inscriptions. Cartouches of Domitian.