# Chapter 9 Pie Chart

A pie chart (or a circle chart) is a circular statistical graphic which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion. It is mainly used to represent categorical variables.

## 9.1 How to draw a Pie Chart in base R?

``````slices <- c(10, 12,4, 16, 8)
lbls <- c("US", "UK", "Australia", "Germany", "France")
pie(slices, labels = lbls, main="Pie Chart of Countries") #label shows the label names``````

To draw a pie chart in ggplot2, you have to create a bar plot at first. Then, you should convert your bar plot into pie chart.

## 9.2 How can we draw a pie chart in ggplot2?

``````df<-data.frame(slices=c(10, 12,4, 16, 8),labels=c("US", "UK", "Australia", "Germany", "France"))
df``````
``````##   slices    labels
## 1     10        US
## 2     12        UK
## 3      4 Australia
## 4     16   Germany
## 5      8    France``````
``````# Barplot
bp<- ggplot(df, aes(x="", y=slices, fill=labels))+geom_bar(width = 1, stat = "identity")
bp#ggplot2 pie chart for data visualization in R software``````

``````#Create a pie chart :
bp + coord_polar("y", start=0)``````