3.8 EIPS2017H

The respondents see a table with two political candidates that have randomly varying attributes (such as age and gender). The experiment has two post measures, which are presented in random order to the respondents below the table with the candidate description. H_1 and H_2 only differ with respect to question ordering.

3.8.1 EIPS2017H_1

Below we describe two hypothetical political candidates. Please read the descriptions of each person carefully.

Candidate 1 Candidate 2
Gender EIPS2017H_1_gender EIPS2017H_1_gender
Age EIPS2017H_1_age EIPS2017H_1_gender
Completed education EIPS2017H_1_edu EIPS2017H_1_edu
Family background EIPS2017H_1_class EIPS2017H_1_class
Main occupational background EIPS2017H_1_occupation EIPS2017H_1_occupation
Experience in political office EIPS2017H_1_polex EIPS2017H_1_polex
Lived and worked past 5 years EIPS2017H_1_workplace EIPS2017H_1_workplace
Recent editorial in main quality newspaper EIPS2017H_1_media EIPS2017H_1_media
Political ideology EIPS2017H_1_ideology EIPS2017H_1_ideology
Immigration view EIPS2017H_1_immigration EIPS2017H_1_immigration
EU membership view EIPS2017H_1_eumembership EIPS2017H_1_eumembership

Either:
1. EIPS2017H_1a: If there were national elections tomorrow and you had to vote for one of these two candidates, which candidate would you choose?

  1. EIPS2017H_1b : Which candidate is in your view most likely to represent the concerns of ordinary people in your contry?

Or:

3.8.1.1 EIPS2017H_1a

Table 3.47: Panel variable names and values
EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 1 Le candidat 1 1 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 1 Frambjóðandi 1 1 1 Kandidat 1 1 Kandidat 1
Candidate 2 2 Le candidat 2 2 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 2 Frambjóðandi 2 2 2 Kandidat 2 2 Kandidat 2
No answer 99 -90 97 NA 97 99
Note:
Variable names. France = pe03_EIPS2017H_1_DV1, Germany = ZH29058, Iceland = EIPS2017H_1_dv1, Netherlands = EIPS2017H11 & EIPS2017H11check, Norway = eips2017h_1a, Sweden = EIPS2017H_1_dv(?)
Table 3.48: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 4285 616 649 429 1385 633 573
Candidate 2 4137 562 672 409 1291 616 587
Sum 8422 1178 1321 838 2676 1249 1160
No answer 385 65 24 121 77 51 47
Total 8807 1243 1345 959 2753 1300 1207

3.8.1.2 EIPS2017H_1b

Table 3.49: Panel variable names and values
EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 1 Le candidat 1 1 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 1 Frambjóðandi 1 1 1 Kandidat 1 1 Kandidat 1
Candidate 2 2 Le candidat 2 2 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 2 Frambjóðandi 2 2 2 Kandidat 2 2 Kandidat 2
No answer 99 -90 97 NA 97 99
Note:
Variable names. France = pe03_EIPS2017H_1_DV2, Germany = ZH29059, Iceland = EIPS2017H_1_dv2, Netherlands = EIPS2017H12 & EIPS2017H12check, Norway = eips2017h_1b, Sweden = EIPS2017H_1_dv(??)
Table 3.50: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 4238 627 669 416 1333 617 576
Candidate 2 4139 566 653 398 1343 611 568
Sum 8377 1193 1322 814 2676 1228 1144
No answer 448 68 23 145 77 72 63
Total 8825 1261 1345 959 2753 1300 1207

3.8.1.3 EIPS2017H_2a

Table 3.51: Panel variable names and values
EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 1 Le candidat 1 1 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 1 Frambjóðandi 1 1 1 Kandidat 1 1 Kandidat 1
Candidate 2 2 Le candidat 2 2 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 2 Frambjóðandi 2 2 2 Kandidat 2 2 Kandidat 2
No answer 99 -90 97 NA 97 99
Note:
Variable names. France = pe03_EIPS2017H_2_DV1, Germany = ZH29060, Iceland = EIPS2017H_1_dv1, Netherlands = EIPS2017H21 & EIPS2017H21check, Norway = eips2017h_2a, Sweden = EIPS2017H_1_dv(??)
Table 3.52: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 4465 613 650 418 1512 663 609
Candidate 2 4157 586 674 414 1273 640 570
Sum 8622 1199 1324 832 2785 1303 1179
No answer 419 65 22 129 84 66 53
Total 9041 1264 1346 961 2869 1369 1232

3.8.1.4 EIPS2017H_2b

Table 3.53: Panel variable names and values
EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 1 Le candidat 1 1 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 1 Frambjóðandi 1 1 1 Kandidat 1 1 Kandidat 1
Candidate 2 2 Le candidat 2 2 Kandidat/Kandidatin 1 2 Frambjóðandi 2 2 2 Kandidat 2 2 Kandidat 2
No answer 99 -90 97 NA 97 99
Note:
Variable names. France = pe03_EIPS2017H_2_DV2, Germany = ZH29061, Iceland = EIPS2017H_2_dv2, Netherlands = EIPS2017H22 & EIPS2017H22check, Norway = eips2017h_2b, Sweden = EIPS2017H_1_dv(??)
Table 3.54: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Candidate 1 4328 608 633 394 1461 634 598
Candidate 2 4197 571 684 405 1324 648 565
Sum 8525 1179 1317 799 2785 1282 1163
No answer 498 67 29 162 84 87 69
Total 9023 1246 1346 961 2869 1369 1232

3.8.1.5 EIPS2017H_1_gender

Candidate 1’s gender

Table 3.55: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_gender 1: Male; 2: Female
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_GENDER 1: Femme; 2: Homme
Germany ZH29058_1 & ZH29060_1 1: männlich; 2: weiblich
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_gender_1 & EIPS2017H_2_gender_1 0: Karl; 1: Kona
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_gender 1: Male; 2: Female
Norway eips2017h_1_gender 0: Mann; 1: Kvinne
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_gender 0: Man; 1: Kvinna
Table 3.56: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Male 8971 1235 1368 980 2829 1347 1212
Female 8945 1272 1323 940 2793 1322 1295
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.6 EIPS2017H_2_gender

Candidate 2’s gender

Table 3.57: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_gender 1: Male; 2: Female
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_GENDER 1: Femme; 2: Homme
Germany ZH29058_2 & ZH20060_2 1: männlich; 2: weiblich
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_gender_2 & EIPS2017H_2_gender_2 0: Karl; 1: Kona
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_gender 1: Male; 2: Female
Norway eips2017h_2_gender 0: Mann; 1: Kvinne
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_gender 0: Man; 1: Kvinna
Table 3.58: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Male 8996 1211 1376 944 2867 1393 1205
Female 8920 1296 1315 976 2755 1276 1302
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.7 EIPS2017H_1_age

Candidate 1’s age

Table 3.59: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_age 1: 30s; 2: 50s
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_AGE 1: La trentaine; 2: La cinquantaine
Germany ZH29058_3 & ZH29060_3 1: 30-39 Jahre; 2: 50-59 Jahre
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_age_1 & EIPS2017H_2_age_1 1: 30s; 2: 50s
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_age 1: 30’s; 2: 50’s
Norway eips2017h_1_age 1: 30-årene, 2: 50-årene
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_age 1: 30-årsåldern; 2: 50-årsåldern
Table 3.60: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
30’s 8935 1239 1303 964 2883 1305 1241
50’s 8981 1268 1388 956 2739 1364 1266
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.8 EIPS2017H_2_age

Candidate 2’s age

Table 3.61: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_age 1: 30s; 2: 50s
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_AGE 1: La trentaine; 2: La cinquantaine
Germany ZH29058_4 & ZH29060_4 1: 30-39 Jahre; 2: 50-59 Jahre
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_age_2 & EIPS2017H_2_age_2 1: 30s; 2: 50s
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_age 1: 30’s; 2: 50’s
Norway eips2017h_2_age 1: 30-årene, 2: 50-årene
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_age 1: 30-årsåldern; 2: 50-årsåldern
Table 3.62: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
30’s 8914 1261 1327 930 2817 1350 1229
50’s 9002 1246 1364 990 2805 1319 1278
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.9 EIPS2017H_1_edu

Candidate 1’s level of education

Table 3.63: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_edu 1: High School; 2: University level
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_EDU 1: A fait des études supérieures; 2: N’a pas fait d’études supérieures
Germany ZH29058_5 & ZH20060_5 1: kein Hochschulabschluss; 2: Hochschulabschluss
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_edu_1 & EIPS2017H_2_edu_1 0: High School; 1: University level
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_edu 1: High School; 2: University level
Norway eips2017h_1_edu 0: Videregående; 1: Høyskole eller universitet
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_edu 1: Gymnasieexamen; 2: Universitetsexamen
Table 3.64: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
High school 8944 1279 1369 953 2831 1280 1232
University level 8972 1228 1322 967 2791 1389 1275
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.10 EIPS2017H_2_edu

Candidate 2’s level of education

Table 3.65: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_edu 1: High School; 2: University level
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_EDU 1: A fait des études supérieures; 2: N’a pas fait d’études supérieures
Germany ZH29058_6 & ZH20060_6 1: kein Hochschulabschluss; 2: Hochschulabschluss
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_edu_2 & EIPS2017H_2_edu_2 0: High School; 1: University level
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_edu 1: High School; 2: University level
Norway eips2017h_2_edu 0: Videregående; 1: Høyskole eller universitet
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_edu 1: Gymnasieexamen; 2: Universitetsexamen
Table 3.66: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
High school 9109 1252 1358 967 2841 1378 1313
University level 8807 1255 1333 953 2781 1291 1194
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.11 EIPS2017H_1_class

Candidate 1’s family background (class)

Table 3.67: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_class 1: Working class; 2: Middle class; 3: Upper class
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_CLASS 1: Classe moyenne; 2: Classe ouvrière; 3: Classe Supérieure
Germany ZH29058_7 & ZH20060_7 1: Arbeiterschicht; 2: Mittelschicht; 3: Oberschicht
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_class_1 & EIPS2017H_2_class_1 1: Working class; 2: Middle class; 3: Upper class
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_class 1: Working class; 2: Middle class; 3: Upper class
Norway eips2017h_1_class 1: Arbeiderklasse; 2: Middelklasse; 3: Overklasse
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_class 1: Arbetarklass; 2: Medelklass; 3: Överklass
Table 3.68: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Working class 6020 829 910 645 1914 888 834
Middle class 5971 818 859 681 1870 882 861
Upper class 5925 860 922 594 1838 899 812
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.12 EIPS2017H_2_class

Candidate 2’s family background (class)

Table 3.69: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_class 1: Working class; 2: Middle class; 3: Upper class
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_CLASS 1: Classe moyenne; 2: Classe ouvrière; 3: Classe Supérieure
Germany ZH29058_8 & ZH20060_8 1: Arbeiterschicht; 2: Mittelschicht; 3: Oberschicht
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_class_2 & EIPS2017H_2_class_2 1: Working class; 2: Middle class; 3: Upper class
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_class 1: Working class; 2: Middle class; 3: Upper class
Norway eips2017h_2_class 1: Arbeiderklasse; 2: Middelklasse; 3: Overklasse
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_class 1: Arbetarklass; 2: Medelklass; 3: Överklass
Table 3.70: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Working class 6016 829 901 660 1881 900 845
Middle class 5969 812 870 627 1914 918 828
Upper class 5931 866 920 633 1827 851 834
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.13 EIPS2017H_1_occupation

Candidate 1’s work experience outside politics

Table 3.71: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_occupation 1: Politician; 2: Business leader; 3: TV Celebrity; 4: Industry worker; 5: Farmer
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_OCCUPATION 1: Agriculteur; 2: Chef d’entreprise; 3: Femme politique; 4: Homme politique; 5: Ouvrier; 6: Star de la télé
Germany ZH29058_9 & ZH20060_9 1: Politiker/Politikerin; 2: Führungskraft im Unternehmen; 3: TV-Star; 4: Industriearbeiter/Industriearbeiterin; 5: Landwirt/Landwirtin
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_occupation_1 & EIPS2017H_2_occupation_1 1: Politician; 2: Business leader; 3: TV Celebrity
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_occupation 1: Politician; 2: Business leader; 3: TV Celebrity; 4: Industry worker; 5: Farmer
Norway eips2017h_1_occupation 1: Politiker; 2: Næringslivsleder; 3: TV-kjendis; 4: Industriarbeider; 5: Bonde
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_occupation 1: Politiker; 2: Företagsledare; 3: TV-kändis; 4: Industriarbetare; 5: Bonde
Table 3.72: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Politician 3661 494 527 398 1167 558 517
Business leader 3473 519 534 385 1042 526 467
TV Celebrity 3635 530 543 372 1097 571 522
Industry worker 3592 493 552 374 1161 506 506
Farmer 3555 471 535 391 1155 508 495
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.14 EIPS2017H_2_occupation

Candidate 2’s work experience outside politics

Table 3.73: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_occupation 1: Politician; 2: Business leader; 3: TV Celebrity; 4: Industry worker; 5: Farmer
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_OCCUPATION 1: Agriculteur; 2: Chef d’entreprise; 3: Femme politique; 4: Homme politique; 5: Ouvrier; 6: Star de la télé
Germany ZH29058_10 & ZH20060_10 1: Politiker/Politikerin; 2: Führungskraft im Unternehmen; 3: TV-Star; 4: Industriearbeiter/Industriearbeiterin; 5: Landwirt/Landwirtin
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_occupation_2 & EIPS2017H_2_occupation_2 1: Politician; 2: Business leader; 3: TV Celebrity
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_occupation 1: Politician; 2: Business leader; 3: TV Celebrity; 4: Industry worker; 5: Farmer
Norway eips2017h_2_occupation 1: Politiker; 2: Næringslivsleder; 3: TV-kjendis; 4: Industriarbeider; 5: Bonde
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_occupation 1: Politiker; 2: Företagsledare; 3: TV-kändis; 4: Industriarbetare; 5: Bonde
Table 3.74: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Politician 3598 506 532 401 1082 554 523
Business leader 3598 495 535 413 1170 504 481
TV Celebrity 3601 505 533 371 1165 522 505
Industry worker 3561 459 585 377 1122 530 488
Farmer 3558 542 506 358 1083 559 510
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.15 EIPS2017H_1_polex

Political experience of candidate 1

Table 3.75: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_polex 1: None; 2: Limited; 3: Extensive
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_POLEX 1: Aucune expérience; 2: Faible expérience; 3: Grande expérience
Germany ZH29058_12 & ZH20060_12 1: keine; 2: wenig; 3: umfangreich
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_polex_1 & EIPS2017H_2_polex_1 1: None; 2: Limited; 3: Extensive
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_polex 1: None; 2: Limited; 3: Extensive
Norway eips2017h_1_polex 1: Ingen; 2: Begrenset; 3: Lang
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_polex 1: Ingen; 2: Begränsad; 3: Omfattande
Table 3.76: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
None 6013 858 891 630 1855 942 837
Limited 6019 834 925 652 1879 883 846
Extensive 5884 815 875 638 1888 844 824
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.16 EIPS2017H_2_polex

Political experience of candidate 2

Table 3.77: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_polex 1: None; 2: Limited; 3: Extensive
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_POLEX 1: Aucune expérience; 2: Faible expérience; 3: Grande expérience
Germany ZH29058_12 & ZH20060_12 1: keine; 2: wenig; 3: umfangreich
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_polex_2 & EIPS2017H_2_polex_2 1: None; 2: Limited; 3: Extensive
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_polex 1: None; 2: Limited; 3: Extensive
Norway eips2017h_2_polex 1: Ingen; 2: Begrenset; 3: Lang
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_polex 1: Ingen; 2: Begränsad; 3: Omfattande
Table 3.78: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
None 5934 856 880 628 1841 875 854
Limited 5941 852 877 649 1845 897 821
Extensive 6041 799 934 643 1936 897 832
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.17 EIPS2017H_1_workplace

Candidate 1’s workplace

Table 3.79: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_workplace 1: Brussels; 2: (Panel Country’s seat of power); 3: In your home region
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_WORKPLACE 1: Bruxelles; 2: Dans votre région; 3: Paris
Germany ZH29058_13 & ZH20060_13 1: Brüssel, 2: Berlin; 3: bei Ihnen in Ihrer Region
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_workplace_1 & EIPS2017H_2_workplace_1 1: Brussel; 2: Reykjavik; 3: In your home region
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_workplace 1: Brussels; 2: The Hague, House of Representatives; 3: In your home region
Norway eips2017h_1_workplace 1: Brussel; 2: Oslo; 3: I ditt fylke
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_workplace 1: Bryssel; 2: Stockholm, 3: I din hemregion
Table 3.80: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Brussel 5925 820 877 679 1901 862 786
Respondent country capital 5982 858 895 621 1848 882 878
In your home region 6009 829 919 620 1873 925 843
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.18 EIPS2017H_2_workplace

Candidate 2’s workplace

Table 3.81: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_workplace 1: Brussels; 2: (Panel Country’s seat of power); 3: In your home region
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_WORKPLACE 1: Bruxelles; 2: Dans votre région; 3: Paris
Germany ZH29058_14 & ZH20060_14 1: Brüssel, 2: Berlin; 3: bei Ihnen in Ihrer Region
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_workplace_2 & EIPS2017H_2_workplace_2 1: Brussel; 2: Reykjavik; 3: In your home region
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_workplace 1: Brussels; 2: The Hague, House of Representatives; 3: In your home region
Norway eips2017h_2_workplace 1: Brussel; 2: Oslo; 3: I ditt fylke
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_workplace 1: Bryssel; 2: Stockholm, 3: I din hemregion
Table 3.82: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Brussel 5983 848 860 650 1860 930 835
Respondent country capital 5998 800 925 659 1926 890 798
In your home region 5935 859 906 611 1836 849 874
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.19 EIPS2017H_1_media

Media’s position towards candidate 1

Table 3.83: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_media 1: Endorsed candidate; 2: Criticized candidate; 3: Ridiculed candidate
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_MEDIA 1: Qui a critiqué le candidat; 2: Qui a ridiculisé le candidat; 3: Qui a soutenu le candidat
Germany ZH29058_15 & ZH20060_15 1: gelobt; 2: kritisiert; 3: verspottet
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_media_1 & EIPS2017H_2_media_1 1: Endorsed candidate; 2: Criticized candidate; 3: Ridiculed candidate
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_media 1: Endorsed candidate; 2: Criticized candidate; 3: Ridiculed candidate
Norway eips2017h_1_media 1: Støttet kandidaten; 2: Kritiserte kandidaten; 3: Latterliggjorde kandidaten
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_media 1: Stödde kandidaten; 2: Kritiserade kandidaten; 3: Förlöjligade kandidaten
Table 3.84: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Endorsed candidate 5964 832 864 642 1913 909 804
Critizised candidate 5989 861 931 627 1856 878 836
Ridiculed candidate 5963 814 896 651 1853 882 867
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.20 EIPS2017H_2_media

Media’s position towards candidate 2

Table 3.85: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_media 1: Endorsed candidate; 2: Criticized candidate; 3: Ridiculed candidate
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_MEDIA 1: Qui a critiqué le candidat; 2: Qui a ridiculisé le candidat; 3: Qui a soutenu le candidat
Germany ZH29058_16 & ZH20060_16 1: gelobt; 2: kritisiert; 3: verspottet
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_media_2 & EIPS2017H_2_media_2 1: Endorsed candidate; 2: Criticized candidate; 3: Ridiculed candidate
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_media 1: Endorsed candidate; 2: Criticized candidate; 3: Ridiculed candidate
Norway eips2017h_2_media 1: Støttet kandidaten; 2: Kritiserte kandidaten; 3: Latterliggjorde kandidaten
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_media 1: Stödde kandidaten; 2: Kritiserade kandidaten; 3: Förlöjligade kandidaten
Table 3.86: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Endorsed candidate 5959 840 899 640 1817 891 872
Critizised candidate 6068 845 919 651 1909 903 841
Ridiculed candidate 5889 822 873 629 1896 875 794
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.21 EIPS2017H_1_ideology

Candidate 1’s ideological placement on the left-right scale

Table 3.87: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_ideology 1: On the left; 2: On the right
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_IDEOLOGY 1: De droite; 2: De gauche
Germany ZH29058_17 & ZH20060_17 1: links; 2: rechts
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_ideology_1 & EIPS2017H_2_ideology_1 1: On the left; 2: On the right
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_ideology 1: On the left; 2: On the right
Norway eips2017h_1_ideology 1: På venstresiden; 2: på høyresiden
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_ideology 1: Till vänster; 2: Till höger
Table 3.88: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
On the left 8925 1235 1343 970 2827 1335 1215
On the right 8991 1272 1348 950 2795 1334 1292
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.22 EIPS2017H_2_ideology

Candidate 2’s ideological placement on the left-right scale

Table 3.89: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_ideology 1: On the left; 2: On the right
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_IDEOLOGY 1: De droite; 2: De gauche
Germany ZH29058_18 & ZH20060_18 1: links; 2: rechts
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_ideology_2 & EIPS2017H_2_ideology_2 1: On the left; 2: On the right
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_ideology 1: On the left; 2: On the right
Norway eips2017h_2_ideology 1: På venstresiden; 2: på høyresiden
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_ideology 1: Till vänster; 2: Till höger
Table 3.90: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
On the left 8952 1240 1343 969 2796 1341 1263
On the right 8964 1267 1348 951 2826 1328 1244
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.23 EIPS2017H_1_immigration

Candidate 1’s attitude towards immigration

Table 3.91: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_immigration 1: Bad for the country; 2: Good for the country
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_IMMIGRATION 1: Bon pour le pays; 2: Mauvais pour le pays
Germany ZH29058_19 & ZH20060_19 1: schlecht für das Land; 2: gut für das Land
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_immigration_1 & EIPS2017H_2_immigration_1 1: Bad for the country; 2: Good for the country
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_immigration 1: Bad for the country; 2: Good for the country
Norway eips2017h_1_immigration 1: Ulempe for landet; 2: Fordel for landet
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_immigration 1: Dårligt för landet; 2: Bra för landet
Table 3.92: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Bad for the country 8922 1238 1351 959 2764 1331 1279
Good for the country 8994 1269 1340 961 2858 1338 1228
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.24 EIPS2017H_2_immigration

Candidate 2’s attitude towards immigration

Table 3.93: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_immigration 1: Bad for the country; 2: Good for the country
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_IMMIGRATION 1: Bon pour le pays; 2: Mauvais pour le pays
Germany ZH29058_20 & ZH20060_20 1: schlecht für das Land; 2: gut für das Land
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_immigration_2 & EIPS2017H_2_immigration_2 1: Bad for the country; 2: Good for the country
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_immigration 1: Bad for the country; 2: Good for the country
Norway eips2017h_2_immigration 1: Ulempe for landet; 2: Fordel for landet
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_immigration 1: Dårligt för landet; 2: Bra för landet
Table 3.94: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
Bad for the country 9028 1282 1335 943 2870 1320 1278
Good for the country 8888 1225 1356 977 2752 1349 1229
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.25 EIPS2017H_1_eumembership

Candidate 1’s attitude towards EU membership

Table 3.95: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_1_eumembership 1: In favor of referendum on EU membership; 2: Against referendum on EU membership
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C1_EUMEMBERSHIP 1: Contre un référendum sur l’appartenance à l’Union européenne; 2: Pour un référendum sur l’appartenance à l’Union européenne
Germany ZH29058_21 & ZH20060_21 1: für eine Volksbefragung zur EU-Mitgliedschaft; 2: gegen eine Volksbefragung zur EU-Mitgliedschaft
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_eumembership_1 & EIPS2017H_2_eumembership_1 1: In favor of referendum on EU membership; 2: Against referendum on EU membership
Netherlands EIPS2017H_1_eumembership 1: In favor of referendum on EU membership; 2: Against referendum on EU membership
Norway eips2017h_1_eumembership 1: Støtter folkeavstemning om EU-medlemskap; 2: Motsetter seg folkeavstemning om EU-medlemskap
Sweden EIPS2017H_1_eumembership 1: För en folomröstning om EU-medlemskapet; 2: Emot en folkomröstning om EU-medlemskapet
Table 3.96: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
In favor of referendum on EU membership 9072 1272 1359 972 2870 1346 1253
Against referendum on EU membership 8844 1235 1332 948 2752 1323 1254
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507

3.8.1.26 EIPS2017H_2_eumembership

Candidate 2’s attitude towards EU membership

Table 3.97: Panel variable names and values
Panel Variable name Values
EIPS EIPS2017H_2_eumembership 1: In favor of referendum on EU membership; 2: Against referendum on EU membership
France pe03_EIPS2017H_C2_EUMEMBERSHIP 1: Contre un référendum sur l’appartenance à l’Union européenne; 2: Pour un référendum sur l’appartenance à l’Union européenne
Germany ZH29058_22 & ZH20060_22 1: für eine Volksbefragung zur EU-Mitgliedschaft; 2: gegen eine Volksbefragung zur EU-Mitgliedschaft
Iceland EIPS2017H_1_eumembership_2 & EIPS2017H_2_eumembership_2 1: In favor of referendum on EU membership; 2: Against referendum on EU membership
Netherlands EIPS2017H_2_eumembership 1: In favor of referendum on EU membership; 2: Against referendum on EU membership
Norway eips2017h_2_eumembership 1: Støtter folkeavstemning om EU-medlemskap; 2: Motsetter seg folkeavstemning om EU-medlemskap
Sweden EIPS2017H_2_eumembership 1: För en folomröstning om EU-medlemskapet; 2: Emot en folkomröstning om EU-medlemskapet
Table 3.98: Distributions
Value EIPS France Germany Iceland Netherlands Norway Sweden
In favor of referendum on EU membership 9005 1286 1357 964 2818 1332 1248
Against referendum on EU membership 8911 1221 1334 956 2804 1337 1259
Total 17916 2507 2691 1920 5622 2669 2507