Probability and Statistics for Business and Finance - 2021/22
Chapter 1 Welcome! :)
You are reading the lecture notes of the R labs for the Probability and Statistics for Business and Finance (PBSF) course at University of Bergamo (academic year 2021/22). R is a great programming language especially designed for statistical analysis and data visualisation.
The PSBF R labs are designed for those who don’t have any programming background. It will be a step-by-step path; at the end you will have the basic R knowledge for analysing financial time series.
Enjoy the journey!
In the following lecture notes,
this font (with grey background) represents R code. The following is an example of R code with the corresponding output.
print("Hello PSBF World!")
##  "Hello PSBF World!"