# Probability and Statistics for Business and Finance - 2021/22

*2021-10-16*

# Chapter 1 Welcome! :)

You are reading the lecture notes of the R labs for the **Probability and Statistics for Business and Finance** (PBSF) course at University of Bergamo (academic year 2021/22). R is a **great** programming language especially designed for statistical analysis and data visualisation.

The PSBF R labs are designed for those who don’t have any programming background. It will be a step-by-step path; at the end you will have the basic R knowledge for analysing financial time series.

**Enjoy the journey!**

In the following lecture notes, `this font`

(with grey background) represents R code. The following is an example of R code with the corresponding output.

`## [1] "Hello PSBF World!"`

These notes are written in RStudio by using `bookdown`

(https://bookdown.org/). For errors, typos, suggestions, … write to michela.cameletti@unibg.it or raffaele.argiento@unibg.it.