A note from the authors: Some of the information and instructions in this book are now out of date because of changes to Hugo and the blogdown package. If you have suggestions for improving this book, please file an issue in our GitHub repository. Thanks for your patience while we work to update the book, and please stay tuned for the revised version!
— Yihui, Amber, & Alison
Chapter 3 Deployment
Since the website is basically a folder containing static files, it is much easier to deploy than websites that require dynamic server-side languages such as PHP or databases. All you need is to upload the files to a server, and usually your website will be up and running shortly. The key question is which web server you want to use. If you do not have your own server, you may try the ones listed in this chapter. Most of them are free (except Amazon S3), or at least provide free plans. Disclaimer: the authors of this book are not affiliated with any of these services or companies, and there is no guarantee that these services will be provided forever.26
Considering the cost and friendliness to beginners, we currently recommend Netlify (https://www.netlify.com). It provides a free plan that actually has quite a lot of useful features. If you have no experience in publishing websites before, just log in using your GitHub account or other accounts, drag the
public/ folder built by blogdown for your website to the Netlify page, and your website will be online in a few seconds with a random subdomain name of the form
random-word-12345.netlify.com provided by Netlify (you can customize the name). You can easily automate this process (see Section 3.1 for more details). You do not need to wrestle with
rsync -zrvce anymore, if you know what these commands mean.
If you do not mind using command-line tools or are familiar with GIT/GitHub, you can certainly consider services like GitHub Pages, Travis CI, or Amazon S3 to build or host your websites. No matter which service you use, please keep in mind that none of them can really lock you in and you are always free to change the service. As we have mentioned before, one great advantage of blogdown is that your website will be a folder of static files that you can move to any web server.
You can easily find other similar services if you use your search engine.↩︎