Speaking loudly with little real material efforts significantly diminishes worker’s power in negotiating with organization.
Symbolic actions tend to lead to symbolic changes, not material ones.
Staley locked out their workers without much explanation
Workers shifts from warriors, to moral shamers, to victims and martyrs (growing material powerlessness)
Using Kenneth Burke’s pentadic analysis (Burkean analysis) in the context of maternity leave in the United States
analyze not formal text (e.g., those from the companies)
This study focuses on three ratios:
The bureaucratic process controls how leaves are arranged
Deferral of agents: doctors’ note can serve as agency