16 Coloniality/Transnationalism

(Dempsey, Parker, and Krone 2011)

  • World transnationalism has historically been developed under patriarchy ideology.

  • Feminism transnationalism is not homogeneous (i.e., women’s experience worldwide is not the same); we should not treat women as a homogeneous group when considering international policies.

  • Spatial praxis helps the movement of feminism transnationalism

  • Should not romanticize resistance of marginalized groups.

(Murphy 2013)

  • Friction defined by Tsing (2005) as when organizational expectations and goal collide with reality of individual identities that show challenges

  • Identity, Power and Globalization

    • Universal dreams: prosperity, knowledge, and freedom

    • “Identity is not about a position in a static structure; it is continually produced and reproduced through interaction”

  • North = US, Europe

  • South = third-world

  • Discursive Frictions: knowledge, language, and identity politics.

    • The politics of knowledge

      • For example, anal sex does not exist in Kenya. Hence, scholars were thought to promote homosexuality.
    • friction from micro-level and macro-level discursive “sex education” vs. “education on human sexuality”

(Cruz 2015)

  • Reengaging dirty work

    • Dirty work used to be thought as dirty in physical, social moral manner

    • Under the lens of African feminist perspective, workers can leverage both positive and negative stigma

  • An intersectional terrain (gender, class, and nation)

    • Market work: women tended to be in jobs involved food processing

    • Civilized Discourse: education, Christianity, domesticity, and good manners.

    • Empowerment Discourse: because men are killed in war, women gained status.

  • Women involved in dirty works are proud of their strength, bravery

  • Aligning with oppositional discourse: strategically negotiate and align with these dynamics.

  • Creating new meanings: after the war, women gained more status in the society. Women are caring, while distance themselves from civilized people (e.g., uncaring and selfish).

(Onı́s 2018)

  • Energy coloniality: “’is constituted by discourse and system that colonizes places and peoples to control different energy forms, ranging from humans to hydrocarbons.”

  • Energy privilege: studies privilege to uncover and resits the domination of different energy forms.

  • Emergency manager effect: result of neoliberal and colonial governance and discourses.

  • Rhetorical problems:

    • Recovering from a "natural’ disaster

    • “Rebuilding,” not transforming, power systems

    • Employing “resilience” discourses uncritically

    • "Experimenting’ with energy projects in Puerto Rico