4 Import background basemap

Use ne_states to get provincial/territorial borders from rnaturalearth package

4.1 Canada map and Newfoundland subset

  • geom_sf function here allow to open the naturalearth map polygon. Inside this function, fill = ifelse () allow to identify with a specific color the Newfoundland and Labrador region.
  • coord_sf allow here to set the projection of our choice.
  • scale_x_continuous allow to manually set the breaks of the x-axis.

Subset the map to Newfoundland part (need for next part of the manual):