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  1. Windows 用户注意路径的写法,不能用通常的单反斜杠 \,而应该把路径中的单反斜杠换成双反斜杠 \\ 或者用单斜杠 /;如 D:/colors.pdfD:\\colors.pdf↩︎

  2. 本书作者在爱荷华州立大学统计系读博士期间,每周统计图形小组有一次讨论,这则消息来自于作者的一位导师 Heike Hofmann 教授↩︎

  3. 对于连续的自变量则称为 Spine Plot,离散自变量则为 Spinogram,这个单词是仿照 Histogram 而造。↩︎

  4. 若因变量为分类变量,则预测值按照多数投票表决(majority vote)原则计算;若为数值变量,则按照叶节点上的样本均值预测。↩︎

  5. 不要忘记:等高图实际上是三维图形!请想象这个“曲面”的形状。↩︎

  6. 原网页 http://bm2.genes.nig.ac.jp 已失效,[快照](https://web.archive.org/web/20100813180430/http://bm2.genes.nig.ac.jp/RGM2/↩︎

  7. 原网页 http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/ms/departments/sia/project/trellis/ 已失效,快照↩︎

  8. https://news.sina.com.cn/c/2009-12-12/034016758777s.shtml↩︎

  9. 原网页 http://chemhack.com/cn/2009/12/87-53-stat/ 已失效,快照↩︎

  10. 原网页现仅有文字存档 http://bjt.name/2011/03/13/china-earthquake-map.html↩︎

  11. http://1t.click/Ksb↩︎

  12. 倾向简写这两个逻辑值的人容易倾向简写任何字符,比如变量名;据作者的经验,很多人的程序出错就在这里,因为使用了 TF 作为变量名,而在程序的某些地方又将 TF 作为逻辑值对待,如这段条件语句 x = 1; T = NULL; ...; if ((x > 0) == T ) ... 会出错,因为条件 (x > 0) == T 返回的结果是长度为 0 的逻辑值,不符合 if 语句的要求。↩︎

  13. 注意是字母 l(表示“line”), 不是数字 1!同样后面的字母 o(表示“overplotted”)也不要误认为是数字 0↩︎