The present document serves both as slides and script for the workshop Causal Inference taught by Paul C. Bauer at the European University Institute, on the 12th, 13th and 15th of December 2016. The material was developed by Paul C. Bauer and Simone Cremaschi. It is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0. Conditions for further use are described in the license (for more info just ask the author). For potential future versions of the course see If you find errors please let us know.