D.4 Resources

This page provides a (necessarily incomplete) collection of color-related resources.

D.4.1 Books

The landmark publications by Jacques Bertin (e.g., Bertin, 2011) and Edward R. Tufte (Tufte, 2001, 2006; Tufte et al., 1990) provide solid advice and many inspiring examples.

More recent publications that are geared to the needs of aspiring data scientists include:

See the Wikipedia articles on color vision and color theory for a primer on the theoretical underpinnings of color perception and color systems.

D.4.2 Color resources in R

The grDevices component of R comes with many options and tools for selecting and modifying colors:

D.4.3 Recent color developments

For recent color developments in R (as of 2020), see the following posts on the R developer blog:


Bertin, J. (2011). Semiology of graphics: Diagrams, networks, maps (Vol. 1). ESRI Press.

Brewer, C. (2019). ColorBrewer 2.0: Color advice for cartography. Retrieved from http://www.colorbrewer2.org

Tufte, E. R. (2001). The visual display of quantitative information (2nd ed.). Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press.

Tufte, E. R. (2006). Beautiful evidence (Vol. 1). Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press.

Tufte, E. R., Goeler, N. H., & Benson, R. (1990). Envisioning information (Vol. 126). Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press.