# Chapter 7 Other Evidences

In this chapter, I will present some of the other evidences I hypothesized and witnessed to be under the 19 based coding system of the text of Quran. I will also validate and provide reproducible tests for some of the known important 19 based evidences on Quran.

## 7.1 Evidences on Basmala

The key verse Basmala is written at the beginning of all the 113 chapters but Chapter 9. No one really knows exactly, why there is no Basmala verse in the beginning of Chapter 9 out of all the 114 chapters. But the text structure of Quran has this odd and unique situation and after witnessing all the evidences so far we conclude that this is another sign of the design of the text of Quran. Because, otherwise almost all the evidences would collapse. Considering the many evidences I presented so far, we now know that it is required that there must be no Basmala at the beginning of Chapter 9 as otherwise all the presented 19 based system of the text of Quran would be invalid. This odd situation further assures that the 19 based coding system of the text of Quran was deliberately designed.

Basmala has many 19 based codings already known about it in the literature. I will present here a few of them that I realized while working on this book and did not see anywhere else. So all the Basmala evidences of this book are first time presented to the literature in this book to the best of my knowledge.

Since the main point of this book is to present reproducible 19 based codings of the text of Quran, Let’s access Basmala first. I had presented all the unique words of Quran in Table **??** in Chapter **??**. Let’s see the head of this table again. Because the Chapter 1 and Verse 1 is Basmala verse already and we can get access to this special verse and its four words along with their word frequencies in Quran.

```
require(tm)
knitr::kable(head(uwordsTable), booktabs = TRUE,
caption = 'Table head of the unique words of Quran.')
```

uwords | count | countW | uletters |
---|---|---|---|

من | 2763 | 2763 | 2 |

الله | 2153 | 2265 | 4 |

في | 1185 | 1185 | 2 |

ما | 1010 | 1010 | 2 |

إن | 966 | 966 | 2 |

لا | 812 | 812 | 2 |

As we see in above table, the first four rows of the table contains the four words of Basmala. Three of them are different names of God (“Allah” (or God), “the Gracious”, “the Compassionate”) and the first word (“In the name of”) refers to them as “In the name of God, the Gracious, the Compassionate”. Basmala is a very special verse and unique regarding all the other verses. It is the first verse of Quran as if it is the opening or key. Before starting to recite any verse, Muslims first recite Basmala verse as the opening. Let’s introduce the first evidence on Basmala verse.

For the reference, to the best of my knowledge, Evidence 7.1.4, Evidence 7.1.2, Evidence 7.1.3 are first time presented to the literature in this book, and it has been hypothesized, tested and discovered by myself. In case if I find out that any of these evidences had been available in another article, then, in such a case, I surely add a citation and update the online version of this book.

### 7.1.1 Basmala and frequency of its words

Although Basmala is a very short verse with only 4 words, there are many evidences on just Basmala verse with 19 already known, such as the number of its letters is 19. In this chapter, I will first present the one about the frequency of its words in whole Quran, which I discovered while writing this book. Let’s first slice a separate table on just Basmala from the above Table 7.1

```
B <- BasmalaTable
summ <- c(sum(B$count), sum(B$countW), sum(B$uletters))
#BasmalaTable <- uwordsTable[count != countW]
knitr::kable(BasmalaTable, booktabs = TRUE,
caption = 'Table of the unique words of Basmala verses in Quran.')
```

uwords | count | countW | uletters |
---|---|---|---|

الله | 2153 | 2265 | 4 |

الرحمن | 45 | 157 | 6 |

الرحيم | 34 | 146 | 6 |

بسم | 3 | 115 | 3 |

`## The sum of each of the first three columns:`

`## 2235 2683 19`

Before going further, let’s just mention one of the test results from the table for one of the very well known evidence on Basmala verse. Basmala verse has 19 letters as we see in the sum of the third column that shows the sum of the letters of each words in Basmala.

Getting back to the main point now, based on the number of words of Basmala and number of its letters, I will present reproducible evidences just on the special Basmala verse.

In Evidence 7.1.2 and Evidence 7.1.3, I will test the total number of words of Basmala. There are two numbers with respect to the sum of the number of all the 4 words of Basmala, which are 2235 and 2683. 2235 is for the sum of the number the of 4 words on the numbered verses of Quran and 2683 is for the numbered and unnumbered verses together (whole Quran). Regarding the general rule (as in the Test 19) as usual, we always combine numbers by concatenating. Since there are only two numbers in this case, the only combinations are 22352683 and 26832235. So, in total, there are four numbers to be tested (2235, 2683, 22352683, 26832235.) and we will use both the default and the optional digit sum test from the global **Test 19** (Chapter 4.2.4) regarding the word of Basmala. The reason I take the sum of the numbers of the 4 words of Basmala is because I am testing evidences on Basmala that consists of the 4 words. Considering individual words from the 4 words of Basmala is not that meaningful because what makes Basmala is the combination of the 4 words together. Also the 4 words of Basmala do not only appear in the Basmala verse but also in the other verses independently from each other. This approach would show the integrity and harmony of Basmala within the full text of Quran.

In Evidence 7.1.4, I will use the sum of each words of Basmala and concatenate them as I do as in the general rule. See the section for more detail.

### 7.1.2 Evidence on Basmala words 1

\[2683\] Since the special verse Basmala itself is under consideration, I decided to count the number of its words together in Quran. The sum number of all the words of Basmala is 2683 and the digit sum of this number is exactly equal to 19. This number represents the total number of all the 4 words in the whole Quran, including numbered and unnumbered verses. This means Basmala was also coded with 19 based coding system with respect to the usage of its words over the whole Quran. Or, in other words, “74:30. Over it is Nineteen”. If any of the individual words of Basmala were deleted or added in any parts of Quran, then not only this evidence would not hold but also all the previous evidences I presented based on words and letters would collapse. So, this evidence is also part of all the evidences I presented so far and part of the 19 based coding system of the text of Quran. Regarding the proof, I already generated this number 2683 from Table 7.1 in the previous chapter, Chapter 7.1.1. One can visit and reproduce this number if wished. In this evidence, we have one number and two tests.

Also as a **fact**, but not as evidence, when the 112 unnumbered Basmala numbers are concatenated with the sum of Basmala words number, we get 1122235 that is also divisible by 19. Again this is just an interesting number but not considered under the system as I follow general rules of the system.

### 7.1.3 Evidence on Basmala words 2

\[22352683\]

The total number of the words of Basmala in the numbered verses of Quran is 2235 and in the unnumbered and numbered verses (whole Quran) is 2683 as counted in Chapter 7.1.1. There are two concatenation combinations of these numbers as discussed in Chapter 7.1.1, one of which is 22352683. This number, 22352683, that combines the total frequencies of the words of the Basmala in both types of the text of Quran, is divisible by 19. Here is the proof:

`## [1] 0`

This provides further evidence that Basmala was coded with 19 based coding system with respect to the usage of its words over the text of whole Quran and also the text of numbered verses as well. The design of Basmala is so obvious when we consider the absence of Basmala at the beginning of Chapter 9 of Quran. If people themselves had written this text, they would normally place another unnumbered Basmala in front of Chapter 9 as well but it would cause collapsing all the evidences on Basmala and also the other evidences I presented based on words and letters so far. Regarding the proof, I already generated these two numbers from Table 7.1 in the previous chapter, Chapter 7.1.1. One can visit and reproduce these numbers if wished.

We applied both tests on this number, which make 4 tests and 1 success.

### 7.1.4 Evidence on individual Basmala words harmony in whole Quran

\[3445215331461572265115\]

When we concatenate all the frequencies of each words of Basmala in numbered verses and also the numbered and unnumbered verses of Quran we get this 20 digit large number. You can manually perform it yourself from the Basmala table given above, where you need to concatenate the 4 numbers of the column *count* and the other 4 numbers of the *countW*. Regarding the general rules, we can concatenate them in two directions and we apply the default divisibility by 19 test and also the optional digit sum test. In total, we perform 4 tests in this evidence. The digit sum of this large number is exactly 76, which is 19x4. This is even more interesting as Basmala verse has 4 words and 19 letters. Or, in other words, “74:30. Over it is Nineteen”!
We observed that all the words of the special verse Basmala not only in harmony together by being under 19 based coding system of the text of Quran but also with the words in entire Quran encoded to represent a single Basmala that has 19 letters and 4 words! Although I do not add the 19x4 observation into the formal evidences, I still state this amazing observation as an important **fact**. Here is the proof for the digit sum of this large number.

```
tmp1 <- paste0(BasmalaTable$count, collapse = "")
tmp2 <- paste0(BasmalaTable$countW, collapse = "")
tmp <- paste0(tmp1,tmp2)
tmp
```

`## [1] "2153453432265157146115"`

`## [1] 76`

I will calculate the probability for all the Basmala evidences together in the end. In this current evidence, we had 4 tests and 2 successes as the digit sum test passes in both directions.

### 7.1.5 Overall Probability on Basmala

I presented three separate evidences on Basmala and to the best of my knowledge, they are first time presented to the literature in this book and they are new. Therefore, I calculate their probabilities together here and also add those evidences’ tests to the global counters for later usage. I will also present two more well known evidences on Basmala for the readers who did not have any pre-knowledge about them.

There are, in total, 10 tests and 4 successes in the three previous evidences on Basmala. Let’s calculate the probability of this observation as follows:

```
tmp <-binom.test(4, 10, p = (1/19),
alternative = c("greater"))
tmp <- tmp$p.value
print(paste("The probability of 4 success out of 10 (with p=1/19) is:", tmp))
```

`## [1] "The probability of 4 success out of 10 (with p=1/19) is: 0.0012463570634679"`

### 7.1.6 Known evidence on Basmala letters

Basmala itself alone is apparently aligned with the verse on the 19 that is “74:30. Over it is Nineteen”. I presented the number of letters of each of the 4 words of Basmala in the third column (column name “u.lengths”) of Table 7.1 in Chapter 7.1.1. As can be counted manually from the table, the total number of letters of Basmala is 19 and thus Basmala alone is under the 19 based coding system of the text of Quran. This also means that the total number of letters of all the 2683 Basmalas is also divisible by 19.

This fact was known from the beginning of the revelation of Quran and there is no need to reference it. However, it is worth mentioning that along with the number of chapters, 114, and the number of letters of Basmala might be left so apparent as clues of the 19 based coding system so that Muslims can imagine researching on this direction and reveal the 19 based coding system of the text of Quran.

### 7.1.7 Known evidence on Basmala numbers

There are in total 114 Basmala verses in Quran and it is divisible by 19. This may be considered as self-evident fact by Muslims but it is not easy to test manually if you are not keep reading Quran in Arabic. Because, there are 113 Basmalas at the beginning of each chapter but there is no Basmala at the beginning of Chapter 9. So, where is the last Basmala to get the number 114? As an ordinary Muslim, I was not even aware of this situation until I was investigating on number 19. While reading on this topic, I ‘heart’ that there is one other Basmala within Chapter 9. But, Chapter 9 consists of 129 verses and it is not that easy to find that Basmala within it as a slow reader in Arabic. Further, we have to check that there is no other Basmala as well in other chapters of the whole Quran. So, this is not easily testable information by someone who is not a good Arabic reader. Therefore, in the following I provide the reproducible proof of this evidence that there are, in total, 114 Basmala verses in Quran, which is divisible by 19. In Chapter 3, I had assigned the special Basmala verse into R object ‘*Basmala*’. I will search this text in the R object *quran* that keeps the text of whole Quran as follows:

```
## VerseI chapter verse
## 1: 1 1 1
## 2: 2 1 2
## 3: 3 1 3
## 4: 4 1 4
## 5: 5 1 5
## 6: 6 1 6
## 7: 7 1 7
## 8: 8 2 1
## 9: 9 2 2
## text
## 1: بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
## 2: الحمد لله رب العالمين
## 3: الرحمن الرحيم
## 4: مالك يوم الدين
## 5: إياك نعبد وإياك نستعين
## 6: اهدنا الصراط المستقيم
## 7: صراط الذين أنعمت عليهم غير المغضوب عليهم ولا الضالين
## 8: بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الم
## 9: ذلك الكتاب لا ريب فيه هدى للمتقين
```

```
#Get the indices of Basmalas in each verse.
i<- grep(Basmala, quran$text)
# See the length of indices of Basmalas in tthe table.
length(i)
```

`## [1] 114`

As we witnessed, there are really 114 Basmala verses in whole Quran. This was a well known fact but here, a reproducible computational test to prove this evidence is provided to the literature.

## 7.2 Evidence on some words

Let’s recall the unique words table. We can use this table to count the frequency of some specific words of interest. There are already existing claims that some words coincidence with their known numbers in nature such as 365 for ‘day’, 12 for ‘moon’ and so on. I wanted to try myself but realized that it is not that appealing to me as someone who does not know Arabic in sufficient detail. However, I left this dynamic table for Arabic speaking people so that they can make their own tests based on the existing claims. In the online version of this book, one can paste the word of interest into the search box and find the frequencies of the pasted word easily.

## 7.3 Overall Probability of all the novel Evidences

In this section I will compute the probability of witnessing all the new evidences we witnessed so far in this book. As you know, I had two global counters to get the total number of tests and total number of successes in the whole book. Using the two global counters and Binomial test, we can calculate the probability of witnessing all those new evidences that proves the 19 based coding system exist and thus the text of Quran was designed from the beginning and it is intact and unchanged for the last 1387 years since it was first written in 632. Here is the probability of observing all those evidences by chance alone:

```
tmp <-binom.test(global_success_nums,
global_tested_nums,
p = (1/19),
alternative = c("greater"))
tmp <- tmp$p.value
print(paste("The probability of all the ", global_success_nums, "success out of all the", global_tested_nums, " tests (with p=1/19) is:", tmp))
```

`## [1] "The probability of all the 33 success out of all the 70 tests (with p=1/19) is: 9.12639259716597e-24"`

As we see this is extremely small probability and the evidences we witnessed cannot occur by chance and thus must be designed by the Author of Quran. This is my rational conclusion after witnessing all these reproducible evidences.

Let’s try something else for extremely skeptical people. If some people think that we should have used two times more tests, I will not even look at the possible successes in that case and keep the success number same but double the number of tests and see what would then be the probability as follows:

```
tmp <-binom.test(global_success_nums,
global_tested_nums*2,
p = (1/19),
alternative = c("greater"))
tmp <- tmp$p.value
print(paste("The probability of all the ", global_success_nums, "success out of all the", global_tested_nums*2, " tests (with p=1/19) is:", tmp))
```

`## [1] "The probability of all the 33 success out of all the 140 tests (with p=1/19) is: 2.97270206199472e-13"`

`## [1] "The probability of all the 33 success out of all the 70 tests (with p=1/19) and Probability of number 19 being in Quran together is: 2.60763338771466e-15"`

As we observed that the probability of observing the new evidences we all witnessed in this book is still extremely small and cannot occur by mere chance and thus it must be designed as is. This shows that the text of Quran is coded by the 19 based coding system, which also proves that the text of Quran was designed as is when it was first written in 632 and it is intact and unchanged for the last 1387 years. Furthermore, as an interesting fact, it is revealed to all humankind in 2019, which means 1387 years later, which is also 19x73 and also its digit sum is 1+3+8+7 is exactly 19. This fact (not claimed as evidence) is very interesting as it also incorporates the two common operations I used in this book.

Before closing this chapter, I again increase the tested numbers by four fold to make sure even the extremely skeptical person is satisfied on the point of the statistical significance of the presented evidences.

```
tmp <-binom.test(global_success_nums,
global_tested_nums*4,
p = (1/19),
alternative = c("greater"))
tmp <- tmp$p.value
print(paste("The probability of all the ", global_success_nums, "success out of all the", global_tested_nums*4, " tests (with p=1/19) is:", tmp))
```

`## [1] "The probability of all the 33 success out of all the 280 tests (with p=1/19) is: 1.53051920068853e-05"`

`## [1] "The probability of all the 33 success out of all the 280 tests (with p=1/19) and Probability of number 19 being in Quran together is: 1.34256070235836e-07"`

As we see event then, we have statistically very significant probability and there is no doubt about the design of the 19 based system of the text of Quran.

Assuming the additional event of the number 19 being in mentioned in Quran and observing all those 19 based evidences together provides more significant and realistic aproxiamtion as 1.342560710^{-7}.